Neal Benowitz, MD


Neal Benowitz has been conducting research at SFGH since 1973. His research focus is on the human pharmacology of nicotine in relation to pathogenesis of and individual differences in vulnerability to tobacco-related disease, and the use of pharmacologic data as a basis for public health policies to prevent and reduce such disease. He has served on a number of national and international committees addressing issues in tobacco-related diseases and smoking cessation, including several sponsored by the Institute of Medicine. He has authored over 500 publications, including a state-of-the-art review on nicotine addiction in the New England Journal of Medicine in June 2010.
Residency, - School of Medicine - Internal Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
  1. Liu J, Benowitz NL, Hatsukami DK, Havel CM, Lazcano-Ponce E, Strasser AA, Jacob P. 3-Ethenylpyridine Measured in Urine of Active and Passive Smokers: A Promising Biomarker and Toxicological Implications. 2021. PMID: 33998799

  2. Prochaska JJ, Vogel EA, Benowitz N. Nicotine delivery and cigarette equivalents from vaping a JUULpod. 2021. PMID: 33762429

  3. Liakoni E, Tyndale RF, Jacob P, Dempsey DA, Addo N, Benowitz NL. Effect of race and glucuronidation rates on the relationship between nicotine metabolite ratio and nicotine clearance. 2021. PMID: 33675323

  4. Rezk-Hanna M, Seals DR, Rossman MJ, Gupta R, Nettle CO, Means A, Dobrin D, Cheng CW, Brecht ML, Mosenifar Z, Araujo JA, Benowitz NL. Ascorbic Acid Prevents Vascular Endothelial Dysfunction Induced by Electronic Hookah (Waterpipe) Vaping. 2021. PMID: 33615833

  5. Tarran R, Barr RG, Benowitz NL, Bhatnagar A, Chu HW, Dalton P, Doerschuk CM, Drummond MB, Gold DR, Goniewicz ML, Gross ER, Hansel NN, Hopke PK, Kloner RA, Mikheev VB, Neczypor EW, Pinkerton KE, Postow L, Rahman I, Samet JM, Salathe M, Stoney CM, Tsao PS, Widome R, Xia T, Xiao D, Wold LE. E-Cigarettes and Cardiopulmonary Health. 2021. PMID: 33748758

  6. Nollen NL, Ahluwalia JS, Sanderson Cox L, Okuyemi K, Lawrence D, Samuels L, Benowitz NL. Assessment of Racial Differences in Pharmacotherapy Efficacy for Smoking Cessation: Secondary Analysis of the EAGLES Randomized Clinical Trial. 2021. PMID: 33464316

  7. El-Boraie A, Chenoweth MJ, Pouget JG, Benowitz NL, Fukunaga K, Mushiroda T, Kubo M, Nollen NL, Cox LS, Lerman C, Knight J, Tyndale RF. Transferability Of Ancestry-Specific And Cross-Ancestry CYP2A6 Activity Genetic Risk Scores In African And European Populations. 2020. PMID: 33300144

  8. Knox M, Skan J, Benowitz NL, Schnellbaecher M, Prochaska JJ. Recruitment best practices of a cardiovascular risk reduction randomised control trial in rural Alaska Native communities. 2020. PMID: 32787541

  9. Benowitz NL, St Helen G, Nardone N, Addo N, Zhang JJ, Harvanko AM, Calfee CS, Jacob P. Twenty-Four-Hour Cardiovascular Effects of Electronic Cigarettes Compared With Cigarette Smoking in Dual Users. 2020. PMID: 33208019

  10. Evins AE, West R, Benowitz NL, Russ C, Lawrence D, McRae T, Maravic MC, Heffner JL, Anthenelli RM. Efficacy and Safety of Pharmacotherapeutic Smoking Cessation Aids in Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: Subgroup Analysis of EAGLES. 2020. PMID: 33138708

  11. Pulvers K, Nollen NL, Rice M, Schmid CH, Qu K, Benowitz NL, Ahluwalia JS. Effect of Pod e-Cigarettes vs Cigarettes on Carcinogen Exposure Among African American and Latinx Smokers: A Randomized Clinical Trial. 2020. PMID: 33206193

  12. Carroll DM, Cigan S, Ikuemonisan J, Hammonds T, Stepanov I, St Helen G, Benowitz N, Hatsukami DK. Relationships between race, gender, and spot urine levels of biomarkers of tobacco exposure vary based on how creatinine is handled in analyses. 2020. PMID: 32598452

  13. Wakefield MA, Dunstone K, Brennan E, Vittiglia A, Scollo M, Durkin SJ, Hoek J, Thrasher J, Hatsukami D, Benowitz N, Samet JM. Australian smokers' experiences and perceptions of recessed and firm filter cigarettes. 2020. PMID: 33115960

  14. Kovar L, Selzer D, Britz H, Benowitz N, St Helen G, Kohl Y, Bals R, Lehr T. Comprehensive Parent-Metabolite PBPK/PD Modeling Insights into Nicotine Replacement Therapy Strategies. 2020. PMID: 32166575

  15. Nardone N, Giberson J, Prochaska JJ, Jain S, Benowitz NL. A Mobile Health Intervention for Adolescents Exposed to Secondhand Smoke: Pilot Feasibility and Efficacy Study. 2020. PMID: 32812888

  16. Liakoni E, Nardone N, St Helen G, Dempsey DA, Tyndale RF, Benowitz NL. Effects of Nicotine Metabolic Rate on Cigarette Reinforcement. 2019. PMID: 31725872

  17. Moazed F, Hendrickson C, Conroy A, Kornblith LZ, Benowitz NL, Delucchi K, Cohen MJ, Calfee CS. Cigarette Smoking and ARDS After Blunt Trauma: The Influence of Changing Smoking Patterns and Resuscitation Practices. 2020. PMID: 32574574

  18. Epperson AE, Crouch M, Skan J, Benowitz NL, Schnellbaecher M, Prochaska JJ. Cultural and demographic correlates of dual tobacco use in a sample of Alaska Native adults who smoke cigarettes. 2020. PMID: 32587486

  19. Benowitz NL, Bernert JT, Foulds J, Hecht SS, Jacob P, Jarvis MJ, Joseph A, Oncken C, Piper ME. Biochemical Verification of Tobacco Use and Abstinence: 2019 Update. 2019. PMID: 31570931

  20. Jacob P, St Helen G, Yu L, Nardone N, Havel C, Cheung P, Benowitz NL. Biomarkers of Exposure for Dual Use of Electronic Cigarettes and Combustible Cigarettes: Nicotelline, NNAL, and Total Nicotine Equivalents. 2019. PMID: 31833541

  21. Harvanko AM, Havel CM, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Characterization of Nicotine Salts in 23 Electronic Cigarette Refill Liquids. 2019. PMID: 31821492

  22. Carroll DM, Strayer L, Nardone N, Pacek LR, Kozink RV, Tessier K, McClernon J, Benowitz N, Bickel WK, Hatsukami D. Development and Piloting Testing of An Experimental Tobacco and Nicotine Product Marketplace. 2019. PMID: 31603515

  23. Schnoll R, Paul Wileyto E, Gross R, Hitsman B, Hawk LW, Cinciripini P, George TP, Benowitz NL, Fen Lubitz S, Ashare R, Tyndale RF, Lerman C. Evaluation of nicotine patch adherence measurement using self-report and saliva cotinine among abstainers in a smoking cessation trial. 2020. PMID: 32224420

  24. Rezk-Hanna M, Nelson MD, Rader F, Benowitz NL, Rosenberry R, Chang LC, Li N, Tashkin DP, Elashoff RM, Victor RG. Peripheral Blood Flow Changes to Cutaneous and Muscular Beds in Response to Acute Hookah Smoking. 2020. PMID: 32278465

  25. Smith TT, Koopmeiners JS, Hatsukami DK, Tessier KM, Benowitz NL, Murphy SE, Strasser AA, Tidey JW, Blount BC, Valentin L, Bravo Cardenas R, Watson C, Pirkle JL, Donny EC. Mouth-Level Nicotine Intake Estimates from Discarded Filter Butts to Examine Compensatory Smoking in Low Nicotine Cigarettes. 2020. PMID: 32102909

  26. Smith TT, Koopmeiners JS, White CM, Denlinger-Apte RL, Pacek LR, De Jesús VR, Wang L, Watson C, Blount BC, Hatsukami DK, Benowitz NL, Donny EC, Carpenter MJ. The Impact of Exclusive Use of Very Low Nicotine Cigarettes on Compensatory Smoking: An Inpatient Crossover Clinical Trial. 2020. PMID: 32102910

  27. Carroll DM, Murphy SE, Benowitz NL, Strasser AA, Kotlyar M, Carmella SG, McClernon FJ, Pacek LR, Dermody SS, Vandrey RG, Donny EC, Hatsukami DK. Relationships between the nicotine metabolite ratio and a panel of exposure and effect biomarkers: findings from two studies of U.S. commercial cigarette smokers. 2020. PMID: 32051195

  28. Benowitz NL, Helen GS, Nardone N, Cox LS, Jacob P. Urine Metabolites for Estimating Daily Intake of Nicotine from Cigarette Smoking. 2019. PMID: 30852610

  29. St Helen G, Nardone N, Addo N, Dempsey D, Havel C, Jacob P, Benowitz N. Differences in nicotine intake and effects from electronic and combustible cigarettes among dual users. 2019. PMID: 31691397

  30. Denlinger-Apte RL, Kotlyar M, Koopmeiners JS, Tidey JW, Luo X, Benowitz NL, Jensen JA, Ikuemonisan JO, Pacek LR, Smith TT, Vandrey R, Donny EC, Hatsukami DK. Effects of Very Low Nicotine Content Cigarettes on Smoking Behavior and Biomarkers of Exposure in Menthol and Non-menthol Smokers. 2019. PMID: 31867637

  31. Benowitz NL, Donny EC, Edwards KC, Hatsukami D, Smith TT. The Role of Compensation in Nicotine Reduction. 2019. PMID: 31867654

  32. Nardone N, Jain S, Addo N, St Helen G, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Sources and Biomarkers of Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Urban Adolescents. 2019. PMID: 31866460

  33. Nardone N, Shahid M, Strasser AA, Dempsey DA, Benowitz NL. The influence of nicotine metabolic rate on working memory over 6 hours of abstinence from nicotine. 2019. PMID: 31812759

  34. Voos N, Smith D, Kaiser L, Mahoney MC, Bradizza CM, Kozlowski LT, Benowitz NL, O'Connor RJ, Goniewicz ML. Effect of e-cigarette flavors on nicotine delivery and puffing topography: results from a randomized clinical trial of daily smokers. 2019. PMID: 31773209

  35. Peng AR, Swardfager W, Benowitz NL, Ahluwalia JS, Lerman C, Nollen NL, Tyndale RF. Impact of Early Nausea on Varenicline Adherence and Smoking Cessation. 2019. PMID: 31502736

  36. Prochaska JJ, Benowitz NL. Current advances in research in treatment and recovery: Nicotine addiction. 2019. PMID: 31663029

  37. Nollen NL, Mayo MS, Cox LS, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF, Ellerbeck EF, Scheuermann TS, Ahluwalia JS. Factors that Explain Differences in Abstinence between Black and White Smokers: A Prospective Intervention Study. 2019. PMID: 30657926

  38. Rezk-Hanna M, Toyama J, Ikharo E, Brecht ML, Benowitz NL. E-Hookah Versus E-Cigarettes: Findings From Wave 2 of the PATH Study (2014-2015). 2019. PMID: 31564602

  39. Benowitz N, Nardone N, St Helen G, Addo N, Jacob P, Liakoni E, Jain S, Hooshfar S, Lynch K. Quantitative biochemical screening for marijuana use and concordance with tobacco use in urban adolescents. 2019. PMID: 31600618

  40. Liakoni E, St Helen G, Dempsey DA, Jacob P, Tyndale RF, Benowitz NL. Relationship between skin melanin index and nicotine pharmacokinetics in African American smokers. 2019. PMID: 31521954

  41. Piper ME, Baker TB, Benowitz NL, Kobinsky K, Jorenby DE. Dual Users Compared to Smokers: Demographics, Dependence, and Biomarkers. 2018. PMID: 30365010

  42. St Helen G, Benowitz NL, Ko J, Jacob P, Gregorich SE, Pérez-Stable EJ, Murphy SE, Hecht SS, Hatsukami DK, Donny EC. Differences in exposure to toxic and/or carcinogenic volatile organic compounds between Black and White cigarette smokers. 2019. PMID: 31406274

  43. Nardone N, Helen GS, Addo N, Meighan S, Benowitz NL. JUUL electronic cigarettes: Nicotine exposure and the user experience. 2019. PMID: 31408770

  44. Hatsukami DK, Luo X, Heskin AK, Tang MK, Carmella SG, Jensen J, Robinson JD, Vandrey R, Drobes DJ, Strasser AA, al'Absi M, Leischow S, Cinciripini PM, Koopmeiners J, Ikuemonisan J, Benowitz NL, Donny EC, Hecht SS. Effects of immediate versus gradual nicotine reduction in cigarettes on biomarkers of biological effects. 2019. PMID: 31140663

  45. St Helen G, Benowitz NL, Ahluwalia JS, Tyndale RF, Addo N, Gregorich SE, Pérez-Stable EJ, Cox LS. Black Light Smokers: How Nicotine Intake and Carcinogen Exposure Differ Across Various Biobehavioral Factors. 2019. PMID: 31084916

  46. Rezk-Hanna M, Mosenifar Z, Benowitz NL, Rader F, Rashid M, Davoren K, Moy NB, Doering L, Robbins W, Sarna L, Li N, Chang LC, Elashoff RM, Victor RG. High Carbon Monoxide Levels from Charcoal Combustion Mask Acute Endothelial Dysfunction Induced by Hookah (Waterpipe) Smoking in Young Adults. 2019. PMID: 30764644

  47. Carmella SG, Heskin AK, Tang MK, Jensen J, Luo X, Le CT, Murphy SE, Benowitz NL, McClernon FJ, Vandrey R, Allen SS, Denlinger-Apte R, Cinciripini PM, Strasser AA, al'Absi M, Robinson JD, Donny EC, Hatsukami DK, Hecht SS. Longitudinal stability in cigarette smokers of urinary eicosanoid biomarkers of oxidative damage and inflammation. 2019. PMID: 31022220

  48. Voos N, Kaiser L, Mahoney MC, Bradizza CM, Kozlowski LT, Benowitz NL, O'Connor RJ, Goniewicz ML. Randomized within-subject trial to evaluate smokers' initial perceptions, subjective effects and nicotine delivery across six vaporized nicotine products. 2019. PMID: 30851137

  49. Anthenelli RM, Gaffney M, Benowitz NL, West R, McRae T, Russ C, Lawrence D, St Aubin L, Krishen A, Evins AE. Predictors of Neuropsychiatric Adverse Events with Smoking Cessation Medications in the Randomized Controlled EAGLES Trial. 2019. PMID: 30847828

  50. Evins AE, Benowitz NL, West R, Russ C, McRae T, Lawrence D, Krishen A, St Aubin L, Maravic MC, Anthenelli RM. Neuropsychiatric Safety and Efficacy of Varenicline, Bupropion, and Nicotine Patch in Smokers With Psychotic, Anxiety, and Mood Disorders in the EAGLES Trial. 2019. PMID: 30811371

  51. Wei J, Shufelt C, Oestreicher Stock E, Mills C, Dhawan S, Jacob R, Torbati T, Cook-Wiens G, Benowitz N, Jacob P, Ganz P, Bairey Merz CN, Redberg R. Vascular Aging is Accelerated in Flight Attendants with Occupational Secondhand Smoke Exposure. 2018. PMID: 30475308

  52. El-Boraie A, Taghavi T, Chenoweth MJ, Fukunaga K, Mushiroda T, Kubo M, Lerman C, Nollen NL, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF. Evaluation of a weighted genetic risk score for the prediction of biomarkers of CYP2A6 activity. 2019. PMID: 30815984

  53. Goodnough R, Nomura M, Badea A, Lynch KL, Benowitz NL, Tsutaoka B. Loperamide associated torsades de pointes, in the setting of complete heart block at marginally supratherapeutic dosing (20mg/day). 2019. PMID: 30777457

  54. Liakoni E, Gugelmann H, Dempsey DA, Wiegand TJ, Havel C, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Butanediol Conversion to Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate Markedly Reduced by the Alcohol Dehydrogenase Blocker Fomepizole. 2018. PMID: 30450642

  55. Robinson JD, Li L, Chen M, Lerman C, Tyndale RF, Schnoll RA, Hawk LW, George TP, Benowitz NL, Cinciripini PM. Evaluating the temporal relationships between withdrawal symptoms and smoking relapse. 2019. PMID: 30614717

  56. Chen M, Carmella SG, Sipe C, Jensen J, Luo X, Le CT, Murphy SE, Benowitz NL, McClernon FJ, Vandrey R, Allen SS, Denlinger-Apte R, Cinciripini PM, Strasser AA, al'Absi M, Robinson JD, Donny EC, Hatsukami D, Hecht SS. Longitudinal stability in cigarette smokers of urinary biomarkers of exposure to the toxicants acrylonitrile and acrolein. 2019. PMID: 30608961

  57. Khachatoorian C, Jacob P, Sen A, Zhu Y, Benowitz NL, Talbot P. Identification and quantification of electronic cigarette exhaled aerosol residue chemicals in field sites. 2018. PMID: 30623881

  58. Kalkhoran S, Benowitz NL, Rigotti NA. Reprint of: Prevention and Treatment of Tobacco Use: JACC Health Promotion Series. 2018. PMID: 30522631

  59. Barua RS, Rigotti NA, Benowitz NL, Cummings KM, Jazayeri MA, Morris PB, Ratchford EV, Sarna L, Stecker EC, Wiggins BS. 2018 ACC Expert Consensus Decision Pathway on Tobacco Cessation Treatment: A Report of the American College of Cardiology Task Force on Clinical Expert Consensus Documents. 2018. PMID: 30527452

  60. Benowitz NL, Flanagan CA, Thomas TK, Koller KR, Wolfe AW, Renner CC, Hughes C, Decker PA, Hatsukami DK, Murphy NJ, Patten C. Urine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3) pyridyl-1-butanol and cotinine in Alaska native postpartum women and neonates comparing smokers and smokeless tobacco users. 2018. PMID: 30325719

  61. Liakoni E, Edwards KC, St Helen G, Nardone N, Dempsey DA, Tyndale RF, Benowitz NL. Effects of Nicotine Metabolic Rate on Withdrawal Symptoms and Response to Cigarette Smoking After Abstinence. 2018. PMID: 30242831

  62. Patten CA, Koller KR, Flanagan CA, Hiratsuka VY, Hughes CA, Wolfe AW, Decker PA, Fruth K, Brockman TA, Korpela M, Gamez D, Bronars C, Murphy NJ, Hatsukami D, Benowitz NL, Thomas TK. Biomarker feedback intervention for smoking cessation among Alaska Native pregnant women: Randomized pilot study. 2018. PMID: 30391300

  63. Liakoni E, Dempsey DA, Meyers M, Murphy NG, Fiorentino D, Havel C, Haller C, Benowitz NL. Effect of ?-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) on driving as measured by a driving simulator. 2018. PMID: 30232528

  64. Hatsukami DK, Luo X, Jensen JA, al'Absi M, Allen SS, Carmella SG, Chen M, Cinciripini PM, Denlinger-Apte R, Drobes DJ, Koopmeiners JS, Lane T, Le CT, Leischow S, Luo K, McClernon FJ, Murphy SE, Paiano V, Robinson JD, Severson H, Sipe C, Strasser AA, Strayer LG, Tang MK, Vandrey R, Hecht SS, Benowitz NL, Donny EC. Effect of Immediate vs Gradual Reduction in Nicotine Content of Cigarettes on Biomarkers of Smoke Exposure: A Randomized Clinical Trial. 2018. PMID: 30193275

  65. St Helen G, Jacob Iii P, Nardone N, Benowitz NL. IQOS: examination of Philip Morris International's claim of reduced exposure. 2018. PMID: 30158205

  66. Kalkhoran S, Benowitz NL, Rigotti NA. Prevention and Treatment of Tobacco Use: JACC Health Promotion Series. 2018. PMID: 30139432

  67. Cummings KM, Morris PB, Benowitz NL. Another Article About E-Cigarettes: Why Should I Care? 2018. PMID: 30007935

  68. Armenian P, Effron Z, Garbi N, Dirks R, Benowitz NL, Gerona RR. Stimulant drugs are associated with violent and penetrating trauma. 2018. PMID: 30914133

  69. Neophytou AM, Oh SS, White MJ, Mak ACY, Hu D, Huntsman S, Eng C, Serebrisky D, Borrell LN, Farber HJ, Meade K, Davis A, Avila PC, Thyne SM, Rodríguez-Cintrón W, Rodríguez-Santana JR, Kumar R, Brigino-Buenaventura E, Sen S, Lenoir MA, Williams LK, Benowitz NL, Balmes JR, Eisen EA, Burchard EG. Secondhand smoke exposure and asthma outcomes among African-American and Latino children with asthma. 2018. PMID: 29899038

  70. Wang L, Bernert JT, Benowitz NL, Feng J, Jacob P, McGahee E, Caudill SP, Scherer G, Scherer M, Pluym N, Doig MV, Newland K, Murphy SE, Caron NJ, Sander LC, Shimizu M, Yamazaki H, Kim S, Langman LJ, Pritchett JS, Sniegoski LT, Li Y, Blount BC, Pirkle JL. Collaborative Method Performance Study of the Measurement of Nicotine, Its Metabolites, and Total Nicotine Equivalents in Human Urine. 2018. PMID: 29853481

  71. St Helen G, Shahid M, Chu S, Benowitz NL. Impact of e-liquid flavors on e-cigarette vaping behavior. 2018. PMID: 29879680

  72. Benowitz NL, Pipe A, West R, Hays JT, Tonstad S, McRae T, Lawrence D, St Aubin L, Anthenelli RM. Cardiovascular Safety of Varenicline, Bupropion, and Nicotine Patch in Smokers: A Randomized Clinical Trial. 2018. PMID: 29630702

  73. West R, Evins AE, Benowitz NL, Russ C, McRae T, Lawrence D, St Aubin L, Krishen A, Maravic MC, Anthenelli RM. Factors associated with the efficacy of smoking cessation treatments and predictors of smoking abstinence in EAGLES. 2018. PMID: 29508470

  74. Smith TT, Hatsukami DK, Benowitz NL, Colby SM, McClernon FJ, Strasser AA, Tidey JW, White CM, Donny EC. Whether to push or pull? Nicotine reduction and non-combusted alternatives - Two strategies for reducing smoking and improving public health. 2018. PMID: 29604326

  75. Rubinstein ML, Delucchi K, Benowitz NL, Ramo DE. Adolescent Exposure to Toxic Volatile Organic Chemicals From E-Cigarettes. 2018. PMID: 29507165

  76. Dermody SS, McClernon FJ, Benowitz N, Luo X, Tidey JW, Smith TT, Vandrey R, Hatsukami D, Donny EC. Effects of reduced nicotine content cigarettes on individual withdrawal symptoms over time and during abstinence. 2018. PMID: 29504780

  77. Panzer AR, Lynch SV, Langelier C, Christie JD, McCauley K, Nelson M, Cheung CK, Benowitz NL, Cohen MJ, Calfee CS. Lung Microbiota is Related to Smoking Status and to Development of ARDS in Critically Ill Trauma Patients. Volume 197 of Issue 5. 2017. PMID: 29035085

  78. Hang B, Wang Y, Huang Y, Wang P, Langley SA, Bi L, Sarker AH, Schick SF, Havel C, Jacob P, Benowitz N, Destaillats H, Tang X, Xia Y, Jen KY, Gundel LA, Mao JH, Snijders AM. Short-term early exposure to thirdhand cigarette smoke increases lung cancer incidence in mice. 2018. PMID: 29440622

  79. Pulvers K, Emami AS, Nollen NL, Romero DR, Strong DR, Benowitz NL, Ahluwalia JS. Tobacco Consumption and Toxicant Exposure of Cigarette Smokers Using Electronic Cigarettes. 2018. PMID: 28003511

  80. Song MA, Benowitz NL, Berman M, Brasky TM, Cummings KM, Hatsukami DK, Marian C, O'Connor R, Rees VW, Woroszylo C, Shields PG. Cigarette Filter Ventilation and its Relationship to Increasing Rates of Lung Adenocarcinoma. 2017. PMID: 28525914

  81. Kosmider L, Delijewski M, Koszowski B, Sobczak A, Benowitz NL, Goniewicz ML. Slower nicotine metabolism among postmenopausal Polish smokers. 2017. PMID: 29627689

  82. Chenoweth MJ, Ware JJ, Zhu AZX, Cole CB, Cox LS, Nollen N, Ahluwalia JS, Benowitz NL, Schnoll RA, Hawk LW, Cinciripini PM, George TP, Lerman C, Knight J, Tyndale RF. Genome-wide association study of a nicotine metabolism biomarker in African American smokers: impact of chromosome 19 genetic influences. 2017. PMID: 28921760

  83. Havel CM, Benowitz NL, Jacob P, St Helen G. An Electronic Cigarette Vaping Machine for the Characterization of Aerosol Delivery and Composition. 2017. PMID: 27281605

  84. Fix BV, O'Connor RJ, Benowitz N, Heckman BW, Cummings KM, Fong GT, Thrasher JF. Nicotine Metabolite Ratio (NMR) Prospectively Predicts Smoking Relapse: Longitudinal Findings From ITC Surveys in Five Countries. 2017. PMID: 28387850

  85. Benowitz NL, Jain S, Dempsey DA, Nardone N, Helen GS, Jacob P. Urine Cotinine Screening Detects Nearly Ubiquitous Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Urban Adolescents. 2017. PMID: 28031377

  86. Nollen NL, Mayo MS, Clark L, Cox LS, Khariwala SS, Pulvers K, Benowitz NL, Ahluwalia JS. Tobacco toxicant exposure in cigarette smokers who use or do not use other tobacco products. 2017. PMID: 28843083

  87. Logue JM, Sleiman M, Montesinos VN, Russell ML, Litter MI, Benowitz NL, Gundel LA, Destaillats H. Emissions from Electronic Cigarettes: Assessing Vapers' Intake of Toxic Compounds, Secondhand Exposures, and the Associated Health Impacts. 2017. PMID: 28766331

  88. Kassem NOF, Kassem NO, Liles S, Jackson SR, Chatfield DA, Jacob P, Benowitz NL, Hovell MF. Urinary NNAL in hookah smokers and non-smokers after attending a hookah social event in a hookah lounge or a private home. 2017. PMID: 28716579

  89. Peng AR, Morales M, Wileyto EP, Hawk LW, Cinciripini P, George TP, Benowitz NL, Nollen NL, Lerman C, Tyndale RF, Schnoll R. Measures and predictors of varenicline adherence in the treatment of nicotine dependence. 2017. PMID: 28728040

  90. St Helen G, Dempsey DA, Havel CM, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Impact of e-liquid flavors on nicotine intake and pharmacology of e-cigarettes. 2017. PMID: 28704768

  91. Gubner NR, Guydish J, Humfleet GL, Benowitz NL, Hall SM. Nicotine biomarkers and rate of nicotine metabolism among cigarette smokers taking buprenorphine for opioid dependency. 2017. PMID: 28683421

  92. Schick SF, Blount BC, Jacob P, Saliba NA, Bernert JT, El Hellani A, Jatlow P, Pappas RS, Wang L, Foulds J, Ghosh A, Hecht SS, Gomez JC, Martin JR, Mesaros C, Srivastava S, St Helen G, Tarran R, Lorkiewicz PK, Blair IA, Kimmel HL, Doerschuk CM, Benowitz NL, Bhatnagar A. Biomarkers of exposure to new and emerging tobacco delivery products. 2017. PMID: 28522563

  93. Benowitz NL, Fraiman JB. Cardiovascular effects of electronic cigarettes. 2017. PMID: 28332500

  94. Weinstein JR, Asteria-Peñaloza R, Diaz-Artiga A, Davila G, Hammond SK, Ryde IT, Meyer JN, Benowitz N, Thompson LM. Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and volatile organic compounds among recently pregnant rural Guatemalan women cooking and heating with solid fuels. 2017. PMID: 28320639

  95. Hang B, Snijders AM, Huang Y, Schick SF, Wang P, Xia Y, Havel C, Jacob P, Benowitz N, Destaillats H, Gundel LA, Mao JH. Early exposure to thirdhand cigarette smoke affects body mass and the development of immunity in mice. 2017. PMID: 28157226

  96. Jacob P, Benowitz NL, Destaillats H, Gundel L, Hang B, Martins-Green M, Matt GE, Quintana PJ, Samet JM, Schick SF, Talbot P, Aquilina NJ, Hovell MF, Mao JH, Whitehead TP. Thirdhand Smoke: New Evidence, Challenges, and Future Directions. 2016. PMID: 28001376

  97. Vo KT, Horng H, Smollin CG, Benowitz NL. Severe Carisoprodol Withdrawal After a 14-Year Addiction and Acute Overdose. 2016. PMID: 27979642

  98. Rupprecht LE, Koopmeiners JS, Dermody SS, Oliver JA, al'Absi M, Benowitz NL, Denlinger-Apte R, Drobes DJ, Hatsukami D, McClernon FJ, Pacek LR, Smith TT, Sved AF, Tidey J, Vandrey R, Donny EC. Reducing nicotine exposure results in weight gain in smokers randomised to very low nicotine content cigarettes. 2016. PMID: 27856940

  99. Bronars C, Patten C, Koller K, Hatsukami D, Flanagan CA, Decker PA, Hanson A, Wolfe A, Hughes C, Benowitz N, Murphy NJ, Thomas T. Perceived risks and reasons to smoke cigarettes during pregnancy among Alaska native women. 2016. PMID: 27842438

  100. Shields PG, Herbst RS, Arenberg D, Benowitz NL, Bierut L, Luckart JB, Cinciripini P, Collins B, David S, Davis J, Hitsman B, Hyland A, Lang M, Leischow S, Park ER, Purcell WT, Selzle J, Silber A, Spencer S, Tanvetyanon T, Tiep B, Tindle HA, Tucker-Seeley R, Urbanic J, Hooper MW, Weksler B, Whitlock CW, Wood DE, Burns J, Scavone J. Smoking Cessation, Version 1.2016, NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology. 2016. PMID: 27799513

  101. St Helen G, Ross KC, Dempsey DA, Havel CM, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Nicotine Delivery and Vaping Behavior During ad Libitum E-cigarette Access. 2016. PMID: 28393086

  102. Strasser AA, Souprountchouk V, Kaufmann A, Blazekovic S, Leone F, Benowitz NL, Schnoll RA. Nicotine Replacement, Topography, and Smoking Phenotypes of E-cigarettes. 2016. PMID: 27942543

  103. Benowitz NL, Donny EC, Hatsukami DK. Reduced nicotine content cigarettes, e-cigarettes and the cigarette end game. 2016. PMID: 27555354

  104. Tidey JW, Pacek LR, Koopmeiners JS, Vandrey R, Nardone N, Drobes DJ, Benowitz NL, Dermody SS, Lemieux A, Denlinger RL, Cassidy R, al'Absi M, Hatsukami DK, Donny EC. Effects of 6-Week Use of Reduced-Nicotine Content Cigarettes in Smokers With and Without Elevated Depressive Symptoms. 2016. PMID: 27613885

  105. Nardone N, Donny EC, Hatsukami DK, Koopmeiners JS, Murphy SE, Strasser AA, Tidey JW, Vandrey R, Benowitz NL. Estimations and predictors of non-compliance in switchers to reduced nicotine content cigarettes. 2016. PMID: 27367436

  106. Martin EM, Clapp PW, Rebuli ME, Pawlak EA, Glista-Baker E, Benowitz NL, Fry RC, Jaspers I. E-cigarette use results in suppression of immune and inflammatory-response genes in nasal epithelial cells similar to cigarette smoke. 2016. PMID: 27288488

  107. Flanagan CA, Koller KR, Wolfe AW, Thomas TK, Benowitz NL, Renner CC, Hughes C, Hatsukami DK, Bronars C, Murphy NJ, Day G, Decker PA, Patten CA. Fetal Exposure to Carcinogens With Tobacco Use in Pregnancy: Phase 1 MAW Study Findings. 2016. PMID: 27190400

  108. Ross KC, Gubner NR, Tyndale RF, Hawk LW, Lerman C, George TP, Cinciripini P, Schnoll RA, Benowitz NL. Racial differences in the relationship between rate of nicotine metabolism and nicotine intake from cigarette smoking. 2016. PMID: 27180107

  109. Baurley JW, Edlund CK, Pardamean CI, Conti DV, Krasnow R, Javitz HS, Hops H, Swan GE, Benowitz NL, Bergen AW. Genome-Wide Association of the Laboratory-Based Nicotine Metabolite Ratio in Three Ancestries. 2016. PMID: 27113016

  110. Gubner NR, Kozar-Konieczna A, Szoltysek-Boldys I, Slodczyk-Mankowska E, Goniewicz J, Sobczak A, Jacob P, Benowitz NL, Goniewicz ML. Cessation of alcohol consumption decreases rate of nicotine metabolism in male alcohol-dependent smokers. 2016. PMID: 27107849

  111. Denlinger RL, Smith TT, Murphy SE, Koopmeiners JS, Benowitz NL, Hatsukami DK, Pacek LR, Colino C, Cwalina SN, Donny EC. Nicotine and Anatabine Exposure from Very Low Nicotine Content Cigarettes. 2016. PMID: 29600258

  112. Nelson MD, Rezk-Hanna M, Rader F, Mason OR, Tang X, Shidban S, Rosenberry R, Benowitz NL, Tashkin DP, Elashoff RM, Lindner JR, Victor RG. Acute Effect of Hookah Smoking on the Human Coronary Microcirculation. 2016. PMID: 27067622

  113. Brondfield M, Wu L, Benowitz N. Minoxidil-Associated Pleuropericardial Effusion. 2016. PMID: 26951281

  114. Northrup TF, Jacob P, Benowitz NL, Hoh E, Quintana PJ, Hovell MF, Matt GE, Stotts AL. Thirdhand Smoke: State of the Science and a Call for Policy Expansion. 2016. PMID: 26957657

  115. Nollen NL, Cox LS, Yu Q, Ellerbeck EF, Scheuermann TS, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF, Mayo MS, Ahluwalia JS. A clinical trial to examine disparities in quitting between African-American and White adult smokers: Design, accrual, and baseline characteristics. 2015. PMID: 26667382

  116. Northrup TF, Khan AM, Jacob P, Benowitz NL, Hoh E, Hovell MF, Matt GE, Stotts AL. Thirdhand smoke contamination in hospital settings: assessing exposure risk for vulnerable paediatric patients. 2015. PMID: 26635031

  117. St Helen G, Havel C, Dempsey DA, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Nicotine delivery, retention and pharmacokinetics from various electronic cigarettes. 2015. PMID: 26430813

  118. Donny EC, Denlinger RL, Tidey JW, Koopmeiners JS, Benowitz NL, Vandrey RG, al'Absi M, Carmella SG, Cinciripini PM, Dermody SS, Drobes DJ, Hecht SS, Jensen J, Lane T, Le CT, McClernon FJ, Montoya ID, Murphy SE, Robinson JD, Stitzer ML, Strasser AA, Tindle H, Hatsukami DK. Randomized Trial of Reduced-Nicotine Standards for Cigarettes. 2015. PMID: 26422724

  119. Morris PB, Ference BA, Jahangir E, Feldman DN, Ryan JJ, Bahrami H, El-Chami MF, Bhakta S, Winchester DE, Al-Mallah MH, Sanchez Shields M, Deedwania P, Mehta LS, Phan BA, Benowitz NL. Cardiovascular Effects of Exposure to Cigarette Smoke and Electronic Cigarettes: Clinical Perspectives From the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease Section Leadership Council and Early Career Councils of the American College of Cardiology. 2015. PMID: 26383726

  120. Calfee CS, Matthay MA, Kangelaris KN, Siew ED, Janz DR, Bernard GR, May AK, Jacob P, Havel C, Benowitz NL, Ware LB. Cigarette Smoke Exposure and the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. 2015. PMID: 26010690

  121. Prochaska JJ, Benowitz NL. Smoking cessation and the cardiovascular patient. 2015. PMID: 26196657

  122. Prochaska JJ, Benowitz NL. The Past, Present, and Future of Nicotine Addiction Therapy. 2015. PMID: 26332005

  123. Benowitz NL, Nardone N, Dains KM, Hall SM, Stewart S, Dempsey D, Jacob P. Effect of reducing the nicotine content of cigarettes on cigarette smoking behavior and tobacco smoke toxicant exposure: 2-year follow up. 2015. PMID: 26198394

  124. Bergen AW, Michel M, Nishita D, Krasnow R, Javitz HS, Conneely KN, Lessov-Schlaggar CN, Hops H, Zhu AZ, Baurley JW, McClure JB, Hall SM, Baker TB, Conti DV, Benowitz NL, Lerman C, Tyndale RF, Swan GE. Drug Metabolizing Enzyme and Transporter Gene Variation, Nicotine Metabolism, Prospective Abstinence, and Cigarette Consumption. 2015. PMID: 26132489

  125. Tyndale RF, Zhu AZ, George TP, Cinciripini P, Hawk LW, Schnoll RA, Swan GE, Benowitz NL, Heitjan DF, Lerman C. Lack of Associations of CHRNA5-A3-B4 Genetic Variants with Smoking Cessation Treatment Outcomes in Caucasian Smokers despite Associations with Baseline Smoking. 2015. PMID: 26010901

  126. Tanner JA, Novalen M, Jatlow P, Huestis MA, Murphy SE, Kaprio J, Kankaanpää A, Galanti L, Stefan C, George TP, Benowitz NL, Lerman C, Tyndale RF. Nicotine metabolite ratio (3-hydroxycotinine/cotinine) in plasma and urine by different analytical methods and laboratories: implications for clinical implementation. 2015. PMID: 26014804

  127. Ebbert JO, Severson HH, Danaher BG, Benowitz NL, Schroeder DR. Nicotine Metabolite Ratio Is Associated With Lozenge Use But Not Quitting in Smokeless Tobacco Users. 2015. PMID: 25977408

  128. Zhu AZ, Cox LS, Ahluwalia JS, Renner CC, Hatsukami DK, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF. Genetic and phenotypic variation in UGT2B17, a testosterone-metabolizing enzyme, is associated with BMI in males. 2015. PMID: 25794161

  129. Whitsel LP, Benowitz N, Bhatnagar A, Bullen C, Goldstein F, Matthias-Gray L, Grossmeier J, Harris J, Isaac F, Loeppke R, Manley M, Moseley K, Niemiec T, O'Brien V, Palma-Davis L, Pronk N, Pshock J, Stave GM, Terry P. Guidance to employers on integrating e-cigarettes/electronic nicotine delivery systems into tobacco worksite policy. 2015. PMID: 25742539

  130. Grana R, Benowitz N, Glantz S. Response to letter regarding article, "Electronic cigarettes: a scientific review". Volume 131 of Issue 6. 2015. PMID: 25815391

  131. Lerman C, Schnoll RA, Hawk LW, Cinciripini P, George TP, Wileyto EP, Swan GE, Benowitz NL, Heitjan DF, Tyndale RF. Use of the nicotine metabolite ratio as a genetically informed biomarker of response to nicotine patch or varenicline for smoking cessation: a randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. 2015. PMID: 25588294

  132. Bandiera FC, Ross KC, Taghavi S, Delucchi K, Tyndale RF, Benowitz NL. Nicotine Dependence, Nicotine Metabolism, and the Extent of Compensation in Response to Reduced Nicotine Content Cigarettes. 2015. PMID: 25555385

  133. Japuntich SJ, Eilers MA, Shenhav S, Park ER, Winickoff JP, Benowitz NL, Rigotti NA. Secondhand tobacco smoke exposure among hospitalized nonsmokers with coronary heart disease. 2015. PMID: 25383761

  134. Benowitz NL, Gan Q, Goniewicz ML, Lu W, Xu J, Li X, Jacob P, Glantz S. Different profiles of carcinogen exposure in Chinese compared with US cigarette smokers. Volume 24 of Issue e4. 2014. PMID: 25535294

  135. Hatsukami DK, Donny EC, Koopmeiners JS, Benowitz NL. Compensatory smoking from gradual and immediate reduction in cigarette nicotine content. 2014. PMID: 25515551

  136. Benowitz NL, Nardone N, Hatsukami DK, Donny EC. Biochemical estimation of noncompliance with smoking of very low nicotine content cigarettes. 2014. PMID: 25416718

  137. St Helen G, Jacob P, Peng M, Dempsey DA, Hammond SK, Benowitz NL. Intake of toxic and carcinogenic volatile organic compounds from secondhand smoke in motor vehicles. 2014. PMID: 25398951

  138. Al-Abri S, Meier KH, Colby JM, Smollin CG, Benowitz NL. Cardiogenic shock after use of fluoroamphetamine confirmed with serum and urine levels. 2014. PMID: 25350468

  139. Wassenaar CA, Conti DV, Das S, Chen P, Cook EH, Ratain MJ, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF. UGT1A and UGT2B genetic variation alters nicotine and nitrosamine glucuronidation in european and african american smokers. 2014. PMID: 25277794

  140. Hsieh SJ, Zhuo H, Benowitz NL, Thompson BT, Liu KD, Matthay MA, Calfee CS. Prevalence and impact of active and passive cigarette smoking in acute respiratory distress syndrome. 2014. PMID: 24942512

  141. Bhatnagar A, Whitsel LP, Ribisl KM, Bullen C, Chaloupka F, Piano MR, Robertson RM, McAuley T, Goff D, Benowitz N. Electronic cigarettes: a policy statement from the American Heart Association. 2014. PMID: 25156991

  142. Bergen AW, Javitz HS, Krasnow R, Michel M, Nishita D, Conti DV, Edlund CK, Kwok PY, McClure JB, Kim RB, Hall SM, Tyndale RF, Baker TB, Benowitz NL, Swan GE. Organic cation transporter variation and response to smoking cessation therapies. 2014. PMID: 25143296

  143. Hajek P, Etter JF, Benowitz N, Eissenberg T, McRobbie H. Electronic cigarettes: review of use, content, safety, effects on smokers and potential for harm and benefit. 2014. PMID: 25078252

  144. Donny EC, Hatsukami DK, Benowitz NL, Sved AF, Tidey JW, Cassidy RN. Reduced nicotine product standards for combustible tobacco: building an empirical basis for effective regulation. 2014. PMID: 24967958

  145. St Helen G, Benowitz NL, Dains KM, Havel C, Peng M, Jacob P. Nicotine and carcinogen exposure after water pipe smoking in hookah bars. 2014. PMID: 24836469

  146. Grana R, Benowitz N, Glantz SA. E-cigarettes: a scientific review. Volume 129 of Issue 19. 2014. PMID: 24821826

  147. Grana RA, Ling PM, Benowitz N, Glantz S. Electronic cigarettes. Cardiology patient page. Volume 129 of Issue 19. 2014. PMID: 24821830

  148. Shiffman S, Dunbar MS, Benowitz NL. A comparison of nicotine biomarkers and smoking patterns in daily and nondaily smokers. 2014. PMID: 24740202

  149. Zhu AZ, Zhou Q, Cox LS, David SP, Ahluwalia JS, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF. Association of CHRNA5-A3-B4 SNP rs2036527 with smoking cessation therapy response in African-American smokers. 2014. PMID: 24733007

  150. Kassem NO, Daffa RM, Liles S, Jackson SR, Kassem NO, Younis MA, Mehta S, Chen M, Jacob P, Carmella SG, Chatfield DA, Benowitz NL, Matt GE, Hecht SS, Hovell MF. Children's exposure to secondhand and thirdhand smoke carcinogens and toxicants in homes of hookah smokers. 2014. PMID: 24590387

  151. Piliguian M, Zhu AZ, Zhou Q, Benowitz NL, Ahluwalia JS, Sanderson Cox L, Tyndale RF. Novel CYP2A6 variants identified in African Americans are associated with slow nicotine metabolism in vitro and in vivo. 2014. PMID: 24305170

  152. Martins-Green M, Adhami N, Frankos M, Valdez M, Goodwin B, Lyubovitsky J, Dhall S, Garcia M, Egiebor I, Martinez B, Green HW, Havel C, Yu L, Liles S, Matt G, Destaillats H, Sleiman M, Gundel LA, Benowitz N, Jacob P, Hovell M, Winickoff JP, Curras-Collazo M. Cigarette smoke toxins deposited on surfaces: implications for human health. 2014. PMID: 24489722

  153. Prochaska JJ, Fromont SC, Delucchi K, Young-Wolff KC, Benowitz NL, Hall S, Bonas T, Hall SM. Multiple risk-behavior profiles of smokers with serious mental illness and motivation for change. 2014. PMID: 24467257

  154. Khariwala SS, Scheuermann TS, Berg CJ, Hayes RB, Nollen NL, Thomas JL, Guo H, Ahluwalia JS, Benowitz NL. Cotinine and tobacco-specific carcinogen exposure among nondaily smokers in a multiethnic sample. 2013. PMID: 24297808

  155. Nollen NL, Mayo MS, Ahluwalia JS, Tyndale RF, Benowitz NL, Faseru B, Buchanan TS, Cox LS. Factors associated with discontinuation of bupropion and counseling among African American light smokers in a randomized clinical trial. 2013. PMID: 23733379

  156. Al-Abri SA, Orengo JP, Hayashi S, Thoren KL, Benowitz NL, Olson KR. Delayed bupropion cardiotoxicity associated with elevated serum concentrations of bupropion but not hydroxybupropion. 2013. PMID: 24131328

  157. Jacob P, Goniewicz ML, Havel CM, Schick SF, Benowitz NL. Nicotelline: a proposed biomarker and environmental tracer for particulate matter derived from tobacco smoke. 2013. PMID: 24125094

  158. Yang J, Pearl M, Jacob P, DeLorenze GN, Benowitz NL, Yu L, Havel C, Kharrazi M. Levels of cotinine in dried blood specimens from newborns as a biomarker of maternal smoking close to the time of delivery. 2013. PMID: 24068198

  159. David SP, Strong DR, Leventhal AM, Lancaster MA, McGeary JE, Munafò MR, Bergen AW, Swan GE, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF, Conti DV, Brown RA, Lerman C, Niaura R. Influence of a dopamine pathway additive genetic efficacy score on smoking cessation: results from two randomized clinical trials of bupropion. 2013. PMID: 23941313

  160. Prochaska JJ, Grossman W, Young-Wolff KC, Benowitz NL. Validity of self-reported adult secondhand smoke exposure. Volume 24 of Issue 1. 2013. PMID: 23997071

  161. Prochaska JJ, Das S, Benowitz NL. Cytisine, the world's oldest smoking cessation aid. 2013. PMID: 23974638

  162. Benowitz NL, Goniewicz ML. The regulatory challenge of electronic cigarettes. 2013. PMID: 23856948

  163. Dempsey DA, St Helen G, Jacob P, Tyndale RF, Benowitz NL. Genetic and pharmacokinetic determinants of response to transdermal nicotine in white, black, and Asian nonsmokers. 2013. PMID: 23933970

  164. Zhu AZ, Zhou Q, Cox LS, Ahluwalia JS, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF. Variation in trans-3'-hydroxycotinine glucuronidation does not alter the nicotine metabolite ratio or nicotine intake. 2013. PMID: 23936477

  165. Dempsey DA, Sambol NC, Jacob P, Hoffmann E, Tyndale RF, Fuentes-Afflick E, Benowitz NL. CYP2A6 genotype but not age determines cotinine half-life in infants and children. 2013. PMID: 23714690

  166. Benowitz NL, Henningfield JE. Reducing the nicotine content to make cigarettes less addictive. 2013. PMID: 23591498

  167. Goniewicz ML, Knysak J, Gawron M, Kosmider L, Sobczak A, Kurek J, Prokopowicz A, Jablonska-Czapla M, Rosik-Dulewska C, Havel C, Jacob P, Benowitz N. Levels of selected carcinogens and toxicants in vapour from electronic cigarettes. 2013. PMID: 23467656

  168. Jacob P, Abu Raddaha AH, Dempsey D, Havel C, Peng M, Yu L, Benowitz NL. Comparison of nicotine and carcinogen exposure with water pipe and cigarette smoking. 2013. PMID: 23462922

  169. Benowitz NL, Prochaska JJ. Smoking cessation after acute myocardial infarction. 2013. PMID: 23369418

  170. Bergen AW, Javitz HS, Krasnow R, Nishita D, Michel M, Conti DV, Liu J, Lee W, Edlund CK, Hall S, Kwok PY, Benowitz NL, Baker TB, Tyndale RF, Lerman C, Swan GE. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor variation and response to smoking cessation therapies. 2013. PMID: 23249876

  171. Jones IA, St Helen G, Meyers MJ, Dempsey DA, Havel C, Jacob P, Northcross A, Hammond SK, Benowitz NL. Biomarkers of secondhand smoke exposure in automobiles. 2013. PMID: 23349229

  172. Benowitz NL, Dempsey D, Tyndale RF, St Helen G, Jacob P. Dose-independent kinetics with low level exposure to nicotine and cotinine. 2013. PMID: 22574797

  173. Rubinstein ML, Shiffman S, Rait MA, Benowitz NL. Race, gender, and nicotine metabolism in adolescent smokers. 2012. PMID: 23239845

  174. Bergen AW, Javitz HS, Su L, He Y, Conti DV, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF, Lerman C, Swan GE. The DRD4 exon III VNTR, bupropion, and associations with prospective abstinence. 2012. PMID: 23212438

  175. Faseru B, Nollen NL, Mayo MS, Krebill R, Choi WS, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF, Okuyemi KS, Ahluwalia JS, Sanderson Cox L. Predictors of cessation in African American light smokers enrolled in a bupropion clinical trial. 2012. PMID: 23254230

  176. Northcross AL, Trinh M, Kim J, Jones IA, Meyers MJ, Dempsey DD, Benowitz NL, Hammond SK. Particulate mass and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exposure from secondhand smoke in the back seat of a vehicle. 2012. PMID: 23172398

  177. Zhu AZ, Cox LS, Nollen N, Faseru B, Okuyemi KS, Ahluwalia JS, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF. CYP2B6 and bupropion's smoking-cessation pharmacology: the role of hydroxybupropion. 2012. PMID: 23149928

  178. Repace J, Zhang B, Bondy SJ, Benowitz N, Ferrence R. Air quality, mortality, and economic benefits of a smoke - free workplace law for non-smoking Ontario bar workers. 2012. PMID: 23006034

  179. St Helen G, Dempsey D, Wilson M, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Racial differences in the relationship between tobacco dependence and nicotine and carcinogen exposure. 2012. PMID: 22971134

  180. Hatsukami DK, Benowitz NL, Donny E, Henningfield J, Zeller M. Nicotine reduction: strategic research plan. 2012. PMID: 23100460

  181. Berg CJ, Schauer GL, Ahluwalia JS, Benowitz NL. Correlates of NNAL levels among nondaily and daily smokers in the college student population. 2012. PMID: 24298447

  182. Rubinstein ML, Shiffman S, Moscicki AB, Rait MA, Sen S, Benowitz NL. Nicotine metabolism and addiction among adolescent smokers. 2012. PMID: 22823143

  183. Zhu AZ, Binnington MJ, Renner CC, Lanier AP, Hatsukami DK, Stepanov I, Watson CH, Sosnoff CS, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF. Alaska Native smokers and smokeless tobacco users with slower CYP2A6 activity have lower tobacco consumption, lower tobacco-specific nitrosamine exposure and lower tobacco-specific nitrosamine bioactivation. 2012. PMID: 23027621

  184. Renner CC, Lanier AP, Lindgren B, Jensen J, Patten CA, Parascandola M, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF, Hatsukami DK. Tobacco use among southwestern Alaska Native people. 2012. PMID: 22949573

  185. Avila-Tang E, Al-Delaimy WK, Ashley DL, Benowitz N, Bernert JT, Kim S, Samet JM, Hecht SS. Assessing secondhand smoke using biological markers. 2012. PMID: 22940677

  186. Dempsey DA, Meyers MJ, Oh SS, Nguyen EA, Fuentes-Afflick E, Wu AH, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Determination of tobacco smoke exposure by plasma cotinine levels in infants and children attending urban public hospital clinics. 2012. PMID: 22566513

  187. Williams JM, Gandhi KK, Lu SE, Steinberg ML, Benowitz NL. Nicotine intake and smoking topography in smokers with bipolar disorder. 2012. PMID: 22938167

  188. Joel DL, Denlinger RL, Dermody SS, Hatsukami DK, Benowitz NL, Donny EC. Very low nicotine content cigarettes and potential consequences on cardiovascular disease. 2012. PMID: 23264843

  189. Mozaffarian D, Afshin A, Benowitz NL, Bittner V, Daniels SR, Franch HA, Jacobs DR, Kraus WE, Kris-Etherton PM, Krummel DA, Popkin BM, Whitsel LP, Zakai NA. Population approaches to improve diet, physical activity, and smoking habits: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. 2012. PMID: 22907934

  190. Lee W, Ray R, Bergen AW, Swan GE, Thomas P, Tyndale RF, Benowitz NL, Lerman C, Conti DV. DRD1 associations with smoking abstinence across slow and normal nicotine metabolizers. 2012. PMID: 22495174

  191. Binnington MJ, Zhu AZ, Renner CC, Lanier AP, Hatsukami DK, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF. CYP2A6 and CYP2B6 genetic variation and its association with nicotine metabolism in South Western Alaska Native people. 2012. PMID: 22569203

  192. Frey PF, Ganz P, Hsue PY, Benowitz NL, Glantz SA, Balmes JR, Schick SF. The exposure-dependent effects of aged secondhand smoke on endothelial function. Volume 59 of Issue 21. 2012. PMID: 22595411

  193. Schnoll RA, Wileyto EP, Leone FT, Tyndale RF, Benowitz NL. High dose transdermal nicotine for fast metabolizers of nicotine: a proof of concept placebo-controlled trial. 2012. PMID: 22589423

  194. St Helen G, Novalen M, Heitjan DF, Dempsey D, Jacob P, Aziziyeh A, Wing VC, George TP, Tyndale RF, Benowitz NL. Reproducibility of the nicotine metabolite ratio in cigarette smokers. 2012. PMID: 22552800

  195. Benowitz NL, Renner CC, Lanier AP, Tyndale RF, Hatsukami DK, Lindgren B, Stepanov I, Watson CH, Sosnoff CS, Jacob P. Exposure to nicotine and carcinogens among Southwestern Alaskan Native cigarette smokers and smokeless tobacco users. 2012. PMID: 22490317

  196. St Helen G, Goniewicz ML, Dempsey D, Wilson M, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Exposure and kinetics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in cigarette smokers. 2012. PMID: 22428611

  197. Buchanan TS, Berg CJ, Cox LS, Nazir N, Benowitz NL, Yu L, Yturralde O, Jacob P, Choi WS, Ahluwalia JS, Nollen NL. Adherence to varenicline among African American smokers: an exploratory analysis comparing plasma concentration, pill count, and self-report. 2012. PMID: 22367976

  198. Benowitz NL, Dains KM, Hall SM, Stewart S, Wilson M, Dempsey D, Jacob P. Smoking behavior and exposure to tobacco toxicants during 6 months of smoking progressively reduced nicotine content cigarettes. 2012. PMID: 22354905

  199. Okuyemi KS, Faseru B, Reed GA, Cox LS, Bronars CA, Opole I, Whembolua GL, Mayo MS, Ahluwalia JS, Benowitz NL. Effects of menthol on the pharmacokinetics of bupropion among Black smokers. 2012. PMID: 22318754

  200. Williams JM, Gandhi KK, Lu SE, Steinberg ML, Benowitz NL. Rapid smoking may not be aversive in schizophrenia. 2012. PMID: 22318691

  201. Cox LS, Nollen NL, Mayo MS, Choi WS, Faseru B, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF, Okuyemi KS, Ahluwalia JS. Bupropion for smoking cessation in African American light smokers: a randomized controlled trial. 2012. PMID: 22282543

  202. Hamidovic A, Goodloe RJ, Bergen AW, Benowitz NL, Styn MA, Kasberger JL, Choquet H, Young TR, Meng Y, Palmer C, Pletcher M, Kertesz S, Hitsman B, Spring B, Jorgenson E. Gene-centric analysis of serum cotinine levels in African and European American populations. 2011. PMID: 22089314

  203. Abrams DI, Couey P, Shade SB, Kelly ME, Benowitz NL. Cannabinoid-opioid interaction in chronic pain. Volume 90 of Issue 6. 2011. PMID: 22048225

  204. King DP, Paciga S, Pickering E, Benowitz NL, Bierut LJ, Conti DV, Kaprio J, Lerman C, Park PW. Smoking cessation pharmacogenetics: analysis of varenicline and bupropion in placebo-controlled clinical trials. 2011. PMID: 22048466

  205. Hukkanen J, Jacob P, Peng M, Dempsey D, Benowitz NL. Effect of nicotine on cytochrome P450 1A2 activity. 2011. PMID: 21599724

  206. Prochaska JJ, Benowitz NL, Glantz SA, Hudmon KS, Grossman W. Cardiology Rx for Change: improving clinical attention to tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure in cardiology. Volume 34 of Issue 12. 2011. PMID: 21987417

  207. Jacob P, Abu Raddaha AH, Dempsey D, Havel C, Peng M, Yu L, Benowitz NL. Nicotine, carbon monoxide, and carcinogen exposure after a single use of a water pipe. 2011. PMID: 21908725

  208. Wang YG, Swick TJ, Carter LP, Thorpy MJ, Benowitz NL. Sodium oxybate: updates and correction to previously published safety data. 2011. PMID: 21897784

  209. Lee W, Bergen AW, Swan GE, Li D, Liu J, Thomas P, Tyndale RF, Benowitz NL, Lerman C, Conti DV. Gender-stratified gene and gene-treatment interactions in smoking cessation. 2011. PMID: 21808284

  210. Audrain-McGovern J, Benowitz NL. Cigarette smoking, nicotine, and body weight. 2011. PMID: 21633341

  211. Matt GE, Quintana PJ, Destaillats H, Gundel LA, Sleiman M, Singer BC, Jacob P, Benowitz N, Winickoff JP, Rehan V, Talbot P, Schick S, Samet J, Wang Y, Hang B, Martins-Green M, Pankow JF, Hovell MF. Thirdhand tobacco smoke: emerging evidence and arguments for a multidisciplinary research agenda. 2011. PMID: 21628107

  212. Williams JM, Gandhi KK, Lu SE, Kumar S, Steinberg ML, Cottler B, Benowitz NL. Shorter interpuff interval is associated with higher nicotine intake in smokers with schizophrenia. 2011. PMID: 21596491

  213. Benowitz NL, Dains KM, Dempsey D, Wilson M, Jacob P. Racial differences in the relationship between number of cigarettes smoked and nicotine and carcinogen exposure. 2011. PMID: 21546441

  214. Benowitz NL, Samet JM. The threat of menthol cigarettes to U.S. public health. 2011. PMID: 21542737

  215. Pérez-Stable EJ, Benowitz NL. Do biological differences help explain tobacco-related disparities? 2011. PMID: 21510792

  216. Ahmed B, Jacob P, Allen F, Benowitz N. Attitudes and practices of hookah smokers in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2011. PMID: 21858960

  217. Hamidovic A, Kasberger JL, Young TR, Goodloe RJ, Redline S, Buxbaum SG, Benowitz NL, Bergen AW, Butler KR, Franceschini N, Gharib SA, Hitsman B, Levy D, Meng Y, Papanicolaou GJ, Preis SR, Spring B, Styn MA, Tong EK, White WB, Wiggins KL, Jorgenson E. Genetic variability of smoking persistence in African Americans. 2011. PMID: 21436384

  218. Calfee CS, Matthay MA, Eisner MD, Benowitz N, Call M, Pittet JF, Cohen MJ. Active and passive cigarette smoking and acute lung injury after severe blunt trauma. 2011. PMID: 21471091

  219. Falcone M, Jepson C, Benowitz N, Bergen AW, Pinto A, Wileyto EP, Baldwin D, Tyndale RF, Lerman C, Ray R. Association of the nicotine metabolite ratio and CHRNA5/CHRNA3 polymorphisms with smoking rate among treatment-seeking smokers. 2011. PMID: 21385908

  220. Cox LS, Faseru B, Mayo MS, Krebill R, Snow TS, Bronars CA, Nollen NL, Choi WS, Okuyemi KS, Salzman GA, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF, Ahluwalia JS. Design, baseline characteristics, and retention of African American light smokers into a randomized trial involving biological data. 2011. PMID: 21266057

  221. Goniewicz ML, Eisner MD, Lazcano-Ponce E, Zielinska-Danch W, Koszowski B, Sobczak A, Havel C, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Comparison of urine cotinine and the tobacco-specific nitrosamine metabolite 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL) and their ratio to discriminate active from passive smoking. 2011. PMID: 21330276

  222. Strasser AA, Benowitz NL, Pinto AG, Tang KZ, Hecht SS, Carmella SG, Tyndale RF, Lerman CE. Nicotine metabolite ratio predicts smoking topography and carcinogen biomarker level. 2011. PMID: 21212060

  223. Hsieh SJ, Ware LB, Eisner MD, Yu L, Jacob P, Havel C, Goniewicz ML, Matthay MA, Benowitz NL, Calfee CS. Biomarkers increase detection of active smoking and secondhand smoke exposure in critically ill patients. 2011. PMID: 20935560

  224. Zapawa LM, Hughes JR, Benowitz NL, Rigotti NA, Shiffman S. Cautions and warnings on the US OTC label for nicotine replacement: what's a doctor to do? 2010. PMID: 21220188

  225. Benowitz NL, Dains KM, Dempsey D, Havel C, Wilson M, Jacob P. Urine menthol as a biomarker of mentholated cigarette smoking. 2010. PMID: 20962297

  226. Hatsukami DK, Perkins KA, Lesage MG, Ashley DL, Henningfield JE, Benowitz NL, Backinger CL, Zeller M. Nicotine reduction revisited: science and future directions. 2010. PMID: 20876072

  227. Piano MR, Benowitz NL, Fitzgerald GA, Corbridge S, Heath J, Hahn E, Pechacek TF, Howard G. Impact of smokeless tobacco products on cardiovascular disease: implications for policy, prevention, and treatment: a policy statement from the American Heart Association. 2010. PMID: 20837898

  228. Benowitz N, Goniewicz ML, Eisner MD, Lazcano-Ponce E, Zielinska-Danch W, Koszowski B, Sobczak A, Havel C, Jacob P. Urine cotinine underestimates exposure to the tobacco-derived lung carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone in passive compared with active smokers. 2010. PMID: 20805316

  229. Williams JM, Gandhi KK, Benowitz NL. Carbamazepine but not valproate induces CYP2A6 activity in smokers with mental illness. 2010. PMID: 20719908

  230. Mumenthaler MS, Benowitz NL, Taylor JL, Friedman L, Noda A, Yesavage JA. Nicotine deprivation and pilot performance during simulated flight. 2010. PMID: 20597245

  231. Aquilina NJ, Delgado-Saborit JM, Meddings C, Baker S, Harrison RM, Jacob P, Wilson M, Yu L, Duan M, Benowitz NL. Environmental and biological monitoring of exposures to PAHs and ETS in the general population. 2010. PMID: 20591483

  232. Williams JM, Gandhi KK, Lu SE, Kumar S, Shen J, Foulds J, Kipen H, Benowitz NL. Higher nicotine levels in schizophrenia compared with controls after smoking a single cigarette. 2010. PMID: 20584771

  233. Benowitz NL. Nicotine addiction. 2010. PMID: 20554984

  234. Gan Q, Lu W, Xu J, Li X, Goniewicz M, Benowitz NL, Glantz SA. Chinese 'low-tar' cigarettes do not deliver lower levels of nicotine and carcinogens. Volume 19 of Issue 5. 2010. PMID: 20507920

  235. Benowitz NL, Dains KM, Dempsey D, Yu L, Jacob P. Estimation of nicotine dose after low-level exposure using plasma and urine nicotine metabolites. 2010. PMID: 20447913

  236. Foianini A, Joseph Wiegand T, Benowitz N. What is the role of lidocaine or phenytoin in tricyclic antidepressant-induced cardiotoxicity? 2010. PMID: 20507243

  237. Lerman C, Jepson C, Wileyto EP, Patterson F, Schnoll R, Mroziewicz M, Benowitz N, Tyndale RF. Genetic variation in nicotine metabolism predicts the efficacy of extended-duration transdermal nicotine therapy. 2010. PMID: 20336063

  238. Gandhi KK, Williams JM, Menza M, Galazyn M, Benowitz NL. Higher serum caffeine in smokers with schizophrenia compared to smoking controls. 2010. PMID: 20227198

  239. Hukkanen J, Ukkola O, Benowitz NL. Varenicline and pheochromocytoma. 2010. PMID: 20194248

  240. Hukkanen J, Jacob Iii P, Peng M, Dempsey D, Benowitz NL. Effects of nicotine on cytochrome P450 2A6 and 2E1 activities. 2010. PMID: 20233178

  241. Mwenifumbo JC, Zhou Q, Benowitz NL, Sellers EM, Tyndale RF. New CYP2A6 gene deletion and conversion variants in a population of Black African descent. 2010. PMID: 20136358

  242. Rigotti NA, Pipe AL, Benowitz NL, Arteaga C, Garza D, Tonstad S. Efficacy and safety of varenicline for smoking cessation in patients with cardiovascular disease: a randomized trial. 2010. PMID: 20048210

  243. Gan Q, Yang J, Yang G, Goniewicz M, Benowitz NL, Glantz SA. Chinese "herbal" cigarettes are as carcinogenic and addictive as regular cigarettes. Volume 18 of Issue 12. 2009. PMID: 19959701

  244. Goniewicz ML, Havel CM, Peng MW, Jacob P, Dempsey D, Yu L, Zielinska-Danch W, Koszowski B, Czogala J, Sobczak A, Benowitz NL. Elimination kinetics of the tobacco-specific biomarker and lung carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol. 2009. PMID: 19959691

  245. Ho MK, Faseru B, Choi WS, Nollen NL, Mayo MS, Thomas JL, Okuyemi KS, Ahluwalia JS, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF. Utility and relationships of biomarkers of smoking in African-American light smokers. 2009. PMID: 19959692

  246. Bernert JT, Jacob P, Holiday DB, Benowitz NL, Sosnoff CS, Doig MV, Feyerabend C, Aldous KM, Sharifi M, Kellogg MD, Langman LJ. Interlaboratory comparability of serum cotinine measurements at smoker and nonsmoker concentration levels: a round-robin study. 2009. PMID: 19933777

  247. Hovell MF, Zakarian JM, Matt GE, Liles S, Jones JA, Hofstetter CR, Larson SN, Benowitz NL. Counseling to reduce children's secondhand smoke exposure and help parents quit smoking: a controlled trial. 2009. PMID: 19875762

  248. Lessov-Schlaggar CN, Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Swan GE. Genetic influences on individual differences in nicotine glucuronidation. 2009. PMID: 19803778

  249. Benowitz NL, Schultz KE, Haller CA, Wu AH, Dains KM, Jacob P. Prevalence of smoking assessed biochemically in an urban public hospital: a rationale for routine cotinine screening. 2009. PMID: 19713287

  250. Eisner MD, Jacob P, Benowitz NL, Balmes J, Blanc PD. Longer term exposure to secondhand smoke and health outcomes in COPD: impact of urine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol. Volume 11 of Issue 8. 2009. PMID: 19587064

  251. Thomas PD, Mi H, Swan GE, Lerman C, Benowitz N, Tyndale RF, Bergen AW, Conti DV. A systems biology network model for genetic association studies of nicotine addiction and treatment. 2009. PMID: 19525886

  252. Benowitz NL, Dains KM, Dempsey D, Herrera B, Yu L, Jacob P. Urine nicotine metabolite concentrations in relation to plasma cotinine during low-level nicotine exposure. 2009. PMID: 19525206

  253. He Y, Bergen AW, Hops H, Andrews JA, Tildesley E, Lessov-Schlaggar CN, Webster C, Benowitz N, Swan GE. Genome-wide linkage of cotinine pharmacokinetics suggests candidate regions on chromosomes 9 and 11. 2009. PMID: 18785207

  254. Dukic VM, Niessner M, Pickett KE, Benowitz NL, Wakschlag LS. Calibrating self-reported measures of maternal smoking in pregnancy via bioassays using a Monte Carlo approach. 2009. PMID: 19578458

  255. Bergen AW, Conti DV, Van Den Berg D, Lee W, Liu J, Li D, Guo N, Mi H, Thomas PD, Lessov-Schlaggar CN, Krasnow R, He Y, Nishita D, Jiang R, McClure JB, Tildesley E, Hops H, Tyndale RF, Benowitz NL, Lerman C, Swan GE. Dopamine genes and nicotine dependence in treatment-seeking and community smokers. 2009. PMID: 19494806

  256. Swan GE, Lessov-Schlaggar CN, Bergen AW, He Y, Tyndale RF, Benowitz NL. Genetic and environmental influences on the ratio of 3'hydroxycotinine to cotinine in plasma and urine. 2009. PMID: 19300303

  257. Bondy SJ, Zhang B, Kreiger N, Selby P, Benowitz N, Travis H, Florescu A, Greenspan NR, Ferrence R. Impact of an indoor smoking ban on bar workers' exposure to secondhand smoke. 2009. PMID: 19369895

  258. Ho MK, Mwenifumbo JC, Al Koudsi N, Okuyemi KS, Ahluwalia JS, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF. Association of nicotine metabolite ratio and CYP2A6 genotype with smoking cessation treatment in African-American light smokers. 2009. PMID: 19279561

  259. Benowitz NL, Dains KM, Hall SM, Stewart S, Wilson M, Dempsey D, Jacob P. Progressive commercial cigarette yield reduction: biochemical exposure and behavioral assessment. 2009. PMID: 19258480

  260. Rubinstein ML, Benowitz NL, Auerback GM, Moscicki AB. Withdrawal in adolescent light smokers following 24-hour abstinence. 2009. PMID: 19246428

  261. Benowitz NL, Hukkanen J, Jacob P. Nicotine chemistry, metabolism, kinetics and biomarkers. 2009. PMID: 19184645

  262. Schnoll RA, Patterson F, Wileyto EP, Tyndale RF, Benowitz N, Lerman C. Nicotine metabolic rate predicts successful smoking cessation with transdermal nicotine: a validation study. 2008. PMID: 19000709

  263. Rubinstein ML, Benowitz NL, Auerback GM, Moscicki AB. A randomized trial of nicotine nasal spray in adolescent smokers. 2008. PMID: 18762494

  264. Perkins KA, Lerman C, Grottenthaler A, Ciccocioppo MM, Milanak M, Conklin CA, Bergen AW, Benowitz NL. Dopamine and opioid gene variants are associated with increased smoking reward and reinforcement owing to negative mood. 2008. PMID: 18690118

  265. Perkins KA, Lerman C, Coddington S, Jetton C, Karelitz JL, Wilson A, Jennings JR, Ferrell R, Bergen AW, Benowitz NL. Gene and gene by sex associations with initial sensitivity to nicotine in nonsmokers. 2008. PMID: 18690117

  266. Benowitz NL. Nicotine and postoperative management of pain. 2008. PMID: 18713874

  267. Rubinstein ML, Benowitz NL, Auerback GM, Moscicki AB. Rate of nicotine metabolism and withdrawal symptoms in adolescent light smokers. 2008. PMID: 18762498

  268. Sohn M, Benowitz N, Stotts N, Christopherson D, Kim KS, Jang YS, Ahn MS, Froelicher ES. Smoking behavior in men hospitalized with cardiovascular disease in Korea: a cross-sectional descriptive study. 2008. PMID: 18790337

  269. Tutka P, Dempsey DA, Jacob P, Benowitz NL, Kroetz DL. Nicotine metabolism in pregnant and nonpregnant rabbits. Volume 10 of Issue 8. 2008. PMID: 18686186

  270. Xing J, Chen M, Wood CG, Lin J, Spitz MR, Ma J, Amos CI, Shields PG, Benowitz NL, Gu J, de Andrade M, Swan GE, Wu X. Mitochondrial DNA content: its genetic heritability and association with renal cell carcinoma. 2008. PMID: 18664653

  271. Conti DV, Lee W, Li D, Liu J, Van Den Berg D, Thomas PD, Bergen AW, Swan GE, Tyndale RF, Benowitz NL, Lerman C. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor beta2 subunit gene implicated in a systems-based candidate gene study of smoking cessation. 2008. PMID: 18593715

  272. Weiss ST, McLeod HL, Flockhart DA, Dolan ME, Benowitz NL, Johnson JA, Ratain MJ, Giacomini KM. Creating and evaluating genetic tests predictive of drug response. Volume 7 of Issue 7. 2008. PMID: 18587383

  273. Haller C, Kearney T, Bent S, Ko R, Benowitz N, Olson K. Dietary supplement adverse events: report of a one-year poison center surveillance project. 2008. PMID: 18570167

  274. Triche EW, Grosso LM, Belanger K, Darefsky AS, Benowitz NL, Bracken MB. Chocolate consumption in pregnancy and reduced likelihood of preeclampsia. 2008. PMID: 18379424

  275. Benowitz NL, Lessov-Schlaggar CN, Swan GE. Genetic influences in the variation in renal clearance of nicotine and cotinine. 2008. PMID: 18388871

  276. Patterson F, Schnoll RA, Wileyto EP, Pinto A, Epstein LH, Shields PG, Hawk LW, Tyndale RF, Benowitz N, Lerman C. Toward personalized therapy for smoking cessation: a randomized placebo-controlled trial of bupropion. 2008. PMID: 18388868

  277. Grosso LM, Triche E, Benowitz NL, Bracken MB. Prenatal caffeine assessment: fetal and maternal biomarkers or self-reported intake? 2008. PMID: 18083538

  278. Figueiredo VC, Szklo M, Szklo AS, Benowitz N, Lozana JA, Casado L, Masson E, Samet J. Determinants of salivary cotinine level: a population-based study in Brazil. 2007. PMID: 17992352

  279. Ring HZ, Valdes AM, Nishita DM, Prasad S, Jacob P, Tyndale RF, Swan GE, Benowitz NL. Gene-gene interactions between CYP2B6 and CYP2A6 in nicotine metabolism. 2007. PMID: 18004205

  280. Benowitz NL, Hall SM, Stewart S, Wilson M, Dempsey D, Jacob P. Nicotine and carcinogen exposure with smoking of progressively reduced nicotine content cigarette. 2007. PMID: 18006940

  281. Lin J, Swan GE, Shields PG, Benowitz NL, Gu J, Amos CI, de Andrade M, Spitz MR, Wu X. Mutagen sensitivity and genetic variants in nucleotide excision repair pathway: genotype-phenotype correlation. 2007. PMID: 17932354

  282. Lazcano-Ponce E, Benowitz N, Sanchez-Zamorano LM, Barbosa-Sanchez L, Valdes-Salgado R, Jacob P, Diaz R, Hernandez-Avila M. Secondhand smoke exposure in Mexican discotheques. 2007. PMID: 17852765

  283. Etter JF, Lukas RJ, Benowitz NL, West R, Dresler CM. Cytisine for smoking cessation: a research agenda. 2007. PMID: 17825502

  284. Sohn M, Stotts NA, Benowitz N, Christopherson D, Kim KS, Jang YS, Ahn MS, Froelicher ES. Beliefs about health, smoking, and future smoking cessation among South Korean men hospitalized for cardiovascular disease. 2007. PMID: 17845880

  285. Hutchison KE, Allen DL, Filbey FM, Jepson C, Lerman C, Benowitz NL, Stitzel J, Bryan A, McGeary J, Haughey HM. CHRNA4 and tobacco dependence: from gene regulation to treatment outcome. 2007. PMID: 17768273

  286. Lerman C, LeSage MG, Perkins KA, O'Malley SS, Siegel SJ, Benowitz NL, Corrigall WA. Translational research in medication development for nicotine dependence. 2007. PMID: 17690709

  287. Williams JM, Gandhi KK, Steinberg ML, Foulds J, Ziedonis DM, Benowitz NL. Higher nicotine and carbon monoxide levels in menthol cigarette smokers with and without schizophrenia. 2007. PMID: 17654300

  288. Lee AM, Jepson C, Shields PG, Benowitz N, Lerman C, Tyndale RF. CYP2B6 genotype does not alter nicotine metabolism, plasma levels, or abstinence with nicotine replacement therapy. 2007. PMID: 17548706

  289. Swan GE, Lessov-Schlaggar CN, Krasnow RE, Wilhelmsen KC, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Genetic and environmental sources of variation in heart rate response to infused nicotine in twins. 2007. PMID: 17548663

  290. Mwenifumbo JC, Lessov-Schlaggar CN, Zhou Q, Krasnow RE, Swan GE, Benowitz NL, Tyndale RF. Identification of novel CYP2A6*1B variants: the CYP2A6*1B allele is associated with faster in vivo nicotine metabolism. 2007. PMID: 17522595

  291. Altman RB, Benowitz N, Gurwitz D, Lunshof J, Relling M, Lamba J, Wieben E, Mooney S, Giacomini K, Weiss S, Johnson JA, McLeod H, Flockhart D, Weinshilboum R, Shuldiner AR, Roden D, Krauss RM, Ratain M. Genetic nondiscrimination legislation: a critical prerequisite for pharmacogenomics data sharing. Volume 8 of Issue 5. 2007. PMID: 17465717

  292. Abrams DI, Vizoso HP, Shade SB, Jay C, Kelly ME, Benowitz NL. Vaporization as a smokeless cannabis delivery system: a pilot study. Volume 82 of Issue 5. 2007. PMID: 17429350

  293. Giacomini KM, Brett CM, Altman RB, Benowitz NL, Dolan ME, Flockhart DA, Johnson JA, Hayes DF, Klein T, Krauss RM, Kroetz DL, McLeod HL, Nguyen AT, Ratain MJ, Relling MV, Reus V, Roden DM, Schaefer CA, Shuldiner AR, Skaar T, Tantisira K, Tyndale RF, Wang L, Weinshilboum RM, Weiss ST, Zineh I. The pharmacogenetics research network: from SNP discovery to clinical drug response. Volume 81 of Issue 3. 2007. PMID: 17339863

  294. Kandel DB, Hu MC, Schaffran C, Udry JR, Benowitz NL. Urine nicotine metabolites and smoking behavior in a multiracial/multiethnic national sample of young adults. 2007. PMID: 17322544

  295. Levi M, Dempsey DA, Benowitz NL, Sheiner LB. Population pharmacokinetics of nicotine and its metabolites I. Model development. 2007. PMID: 17206524

  296. Rubinstein ML, Thompson PJ, Benowitz NL, Shiffman S, Moscicki AB. Cotinine levels in relation to smoking behavior and addiction in young adolescent smokers. 2007. PMID: 17365743

  297. Matt GE, Hovell MF, Quintana PJ, Zakarian J, Liles S, Meltzer SB, Benowitz NL. The variability of urinary cotinine levels in young children: implications for measuring ETS exposure. 2007. PMID: 17365739

  298. Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Herrera B. Nicotine intake and dose response when smoking reduced-nicotine content cigarettes. 2006. PMID: 17178270

  299. Roden DM, Altman RB, Benowitz NL, Flockhart DA, Giacomini KM, Johnson JA, Krauss RM, McLeod HL, Ratain MJ, Relling MV, Ring HZ, Shuldiner AR, Weinshilboum RM, Weiss ST. Pharmacogenomics: challenges and opportunities. Volume 145 of Issue 10. 2006. PMID: 17116919

  300. Benowitz NL, Swan GE, Jacob P, Lessov-Schlaggar CN, Tyndale RF. CYP2A6 genotype and the metabolism and disposition kinetics of nicotine. 2006. PMID: 17112802

  301. Hukkanen J, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Effect of grapefruit juice on cytochrome P450 2A6 and nicotine renal clearance. 2006. PMID: 17112808

  302. Matt GE, Quintana PJ, Liles S, Hovell MF, Zakarian JM, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Evaluation of urinary trans-3'-hydroxycotinine as a biomarker of children's environmental tobacco smoke exposure. 2006. PMID: 17056471

  303. Blackford AL, Yang G, Hernandez-Avila M, Przewozniak K, Zatonski W, Figueiredo V, Avila-Tang E, Ma J, Benowitz NL, Samet JM. Cotinine concentration in smokers from different countries: relationship with amount smoked and cigarette type. 2006. PMID: 17021350

  304. Johnstone E, Benowitz N, Cargill A, Jacob R, Hinks L, Day I, Murphy M, Walton R. Determinants of the rate of nicotine metabolism and effects on smoking behavior. 2006. PMID: 17015050

  305. Thai D, Dyer JE, Benowitz NL, Haller CA. Gamma-hydroxybutyrate and ethanol effects and interactions in humans. 2006. PMID: 16974199

  306. Murphy NG, Albin C, Tai W, Benowitz NL. Anabasine toxicity from a topical folk remedy. 2006. PMID: 16928847

  307. Matta SG, Balfour DJ, Benowitz NL, Boyd RT, Buccafusco JJ, Caggiula AR, Craig CR, Collins AC, Damaj MI, Donny EC, Gardiner PS, Grady SR, Heberlein U, Leonard SS, Levin ED, Lukas RJ, Markou A, Marks MJ, McCallum SE, Parameswaran N, Perkins KA, Picciotto MR, Quik M, Rose JE, Rothenfluh A, Schafer WR, Stolerman IP, Tyndale RF, Wehner JM, Zirger JM. Guidelines on nicotine dose selection for in vivo research. 2006. PMID: 16896961

  308. Hatsukami DK, Benowitz NL, Rennard SI, Oncken C, Hecht SS. Biomarkers to assess the utility of potential reduced exposure tobacco products. 2006. PMID: 16920658

  309. Kandel DB, Schaffran C, Griesler PC, Hu MC, Davies M, Benowitz N. Salivary cotinine concentration versus self-reported cigarette smoking: Three patterns of inconsistency in adolescence. 2006. PMID: 16920650

  310. Block G, Dietrich M, Norkus E, Jensen C, Benowitz NL, Morrow JD, Hudes M, Packer L. Intraindividual variability of plasma antioxidants, markers of oxidative stress, C-reactive protein, cotinine, and other biomarkers. 2006. PMID: 16755268

  311. Wu X, Spitz MR, Amos CI, Lin J, Shao L, Gu J, de Andrade M, Benowitz NL, Shields PG, Swan GE. Mutagen sensitivity has high heritability: evidence from a twin study. 2006. PMID: 16778168

  312. Eisner MD, Balmes J, Yelin EH, Katz PP, Hammond SK, Benowitz N, Blanc PD. Directly measured secondhand smoke exposure and COPD health outcomes. Volume 6. 2006. PMID: 16756671

  313. Swan GE, Hops H, Wilhelmsen KC, Lessov-Schlaggar CN, Cheng LS, Hudmon KS, Amos CI, Feiler HS, Ring HZ, Andrews JA, Tildesley E, Benowitz N. A genome-wide screen for nicotine dependence susceptibility loci. 2006. PMID: 16671072

  314. Lerman C, Tyndale R, Patterson F, Wileyto EP, Shields PG, Pinto A, Benowitz N. Nicotine metabolite ratio predicts efficacy of transdermal nicotine for smoking cessation. 2006. PMID: 16765148

  315. Benowitz NL, Lessov-Schlaggar CN, Swan GE, Jacob P. Female sex and oral contraceptive use accelerate nicotine metabolism. 2006. PMID: 16678549

  316. Le Houezec J, Benowitz NL. Smoking habits, nicotine use, and congenital malformations. 2006. PMID: 16648425

  317. Al Koudsi N, Mwenifumbo JC, Sellers EM, Benowitz NL, Swan GE, Tyndale RF. Characterization of the novel CYP2A6*21 allele using in vivo nicotine kinetics. 2006. PMID: 16758265

  318. Grosso LM, Triche EW, Belanger K, Benowitz NL, Holford TR, Bracken MB. Caffeine metabolites in umbilical cord blood, cytochrome P-450 1A2 activity, and intrauterine growth restriction. 2006. PMID: 16641310

  319. Hatsukami DK, Benowitz NL, Rennard SI, Oncken C, Hecht SS. Biomarkers to assess the utility of potential reduced exposure tobacco products. 2006. PMID: 16766411

  320. Malaiyandi V, Lerman C, Benowitz NL, Jepson C, Patterson F, Tyndale RF. Impact of CYP2A6 genotype on pretreatment smoking behaviour and nicotine levels from and usage of nicotine replacement therapy. 2006. PMID: 16402128

  321. Lea R, Benowitz N, Green M, Fowles J, Vishvanath A, Dickson S, Lea M, Woodward A, Chambers G, Phillips D. Ethnic differences in nicotine metabolic rate among New Zealanders. 2005. PMID: 16372023

  322. Wilhelmsen KC, Swan GE, Cheng LS, Lessov-Schlaggar CN, Amos CI, Feiler HS, Hudmon KS, Ring HZ, Andrews JA, Tildesley E, Benowitz NL, Hops H. Support for previously identified alcoholism susceptibility Loci in a cohort selected for smoking behavior. 2005. PMID: 16385180

  323. Haller CA, Benowitz NL, Jacob P. Hemodynamic effects of ephedra-free weight-loss supplements in humans. 2005. PMID: 16164886

  324. Hukkanen J, Dempsey D, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Effect of pregnancy on a measure of FMO3 activity. 2005. PMID: 16042678

  325. Williams JM, Ziedonis DM, Abanyie F, Steinberg ML, Foulds J, Benowitz NL. Increased nicotine and cotinine levels in smokers with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder is not a metabolic effect. 2005. PMID: 15961287

  326. Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Bernert JT, Wilson M, Wang L, Allen F, Dempsey D. Carcinogen exposure during short-term switching from regular to "light" cigarettes. 2005. PMID: 15941944

  327. Haller CA, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Short-term metabolic and hemodynamic effects of ephedra and guarana combinations. 2005. PMID: 15961987

  328. Gray N, Henningfield JE, Benowitz NL, Connolly GN, Dresler C, Fagerstrom K, Jarvis MJ, Boyle P. Toward a comprehensive long term nicotine policy. 2005. PMID: 15923465

  329. Hukkanen J, Gourlay SG, Kenkare S, Benowitz NL. Influence of menstrual cycle on cytochrome P450 2A6 activity and cardiovascular effects of nicotine. 2005. PMID: 15735610

  330. Csajka C, Haller CA, Benowitz NL, Verotta D. Mechanistic pharmacokinetic modelling of ephedrine, norephedrine and caffeine in healthy subjects. 2005. PMID: 15752380

  331. Hukkanen J, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Metabolism and disposition kinetics of nicotine. 2005. PMID: 15734728

  332. Swan GE, Benowitz NL, Lessov CN, Jacob P, Tyndale RF, Wilhelmsen K. Nicotine metabolism: the impact of CYP2A6 on estimates of additive genetic influence. 2005. PMID: 15861035

  333. Vukovich MD, Schoorman R, Heilman C, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Caffeine-herbal ephedra combination increases resting energy expenditure, heart rate and blood pressure. 2005. PMID: 15730434

  334. Gelal A, Balkan D, Ozzeybek D, Kaplan YC, Gurler S, Guven H, Benowitz NL. Effect of menthol on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of felodipine in healthy subjects. 2004. PMID: 15592925

  335. Campuzano JC, Hernandez-Avila M, Jaakkola MS, Lazcano Ponce E, Kuri Morales P, Bautista P, Benowitz NL, Ceraso M, Blackford A, Samet JM. Determinants of salivary cotinine levels among current smokers in Mexico. 2004. PMID: 15801572

  336. Arcavi L, Benowitz NL. Cigarette smoking and infection. 2004. PMID: 15534156

  337. Hughes JR, Benowitz N, Hatsukami D, Mermelstein RJ, Shiffman S. Clarification of SRNT workgroup guidelines for measures in clinical trials of smoking cessation therapies. 2004. PMID: 15700922

  338. Swan GE, Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Lessov CN, Tyndale RF, Wilhelmsen K, Krasnow RE, McElroy MR, Moore SE, Wambach M. Pharmacogenetics of nicotine metabolism in twins: methods and procedures. 2004. PMID: 15527659

  339. Dempsey D, Tutka P, Jacob P, Allen F, Schoedel K, Tyndale RF, Benowitz NL. Nicotine metabolite ratio as an index of cytochrome P450 2A6 metabolic activity. 2004. PMID: 15229465

  340. Henningfield JE, Benowitz NL, Connolly GN, Davis RM, Gray N, Myers ML, Zeller M. Reducing tobacco addiction through tobacco product regulation. 2004. PMID: 15175528

  341. Benowitz NL, Herrera B, Jacob P. Mentholated cigarette smoking inhibits nicotine metabolism. 2004. PMID: 15084646

  342. Haller CA, Duan M, Benowitz NL, Jacob P. Concentrations of ephedra alkaloids and caffeine in commercial dietary supplements. 2004. PMID: 15107143

  343. Jacob P, Haller CA, Duan M, Yu L, Peng M, Benowitz NL. Determination of ephedra alkaloid and caffeine concentrations in dietary supplements and biological fluids. 2004. PMID: 15107144

  344. Haller CA, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Enhanced stimulant and metabolic effects of combined ephedrine and caffeine. 2004. PMID: 15060505

  345. Benowitz N, Dempsey D. Pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation during pregnancy. 2004. PMID: 15203821

  346. Lerman C, Kaufmann V, Rukstalis M, Patterson F, Perkins K, Audrain-McGovern J, Benowitz N. Individualizing nicotine replacement therapy for the treatment of tobacco dependence: a randomized trial. 2004. PMID: 15023708

  347. Haas JS, Kaplan CP, Barenboim D, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Bupropion in breast milk: an exposure assessment for potential treatment to prevent post-partum tobacco use. Volume 13 of Issue 1. 2004. PMID: 14985597

  348. Lerman C, Wileyto EP, Patterson F, Rukstalis M, Audrain-McGovern J, Restine S, Shields PG, Kaufmann V, Redden D, Benowitz N, Berrettini WH. The functional mu opioid receptor (OPRM1) Asn40Asp variant predicts short-term response to nicotine replacement therapy in a clinical trial. 2004. PMID: 15007373

  349. Sivarajan Froelicher ES, Miller NH, Christopherson DJ, Martin K, Parker KM, Amonetti M, Lin Z, Sohn M, Benowitz N, Taylor CB, Bacchetti P. High rates of sustained smoking cessation in women hospitalized with cardiovascular disease: the Women's Initiative for Nonsmoking (WINS). 2004. PMID: 14769679

  350. Miao FJ, Green PG, Benowitz N, Levine JD. Central terminals of nociceptors are targets for nicotine suppression of inflammation. 2004. PMID: 14706790

  351. Gourlay SG, Stead LF, Benowitz NL. Clonidine for smoking cessation. 2004. PMID: 15266422

  352. Sohn M, Hartley C, Froelicher ES, Benowitz NL. Tobacco use and dependence. 2003. PMID: 14702859

  353. Swan GE, Hudmon KS, Jack LM, Hemberger K, Carmelli D, Khroyan TV, Ring HZ, Hops H, Andrews JA, Tildesley E, McBride D, Benowitz N, Webster C, Wilhelmsen KC, Feiler HS, Koenig B, Caron L, Illes J, Cheng LS. Environmental and genetic determinants of tobacco use: methodology for a multidisciplinary, longitudinal family-based investigation. 2003. PMID: 14578134

  354. Benowitz NL, Pomerleau OF, Pomerleau CS, Jacob P. Nicotine metabolite ratio as a predictor of cigarette consumption. 2003. PMID: 14577978

  355. Abrams DI, Hilton JF, Leiser RJ, Shade SB, Elbeik TA, Aweeka FT, Benowitz NL, Bredt BM, Kosel B, Aberg JA, Deeks SG, Mitchell TF, Mulligan K, Bacchetti P, McCune JM, Schambelan M. Short-term effects of cannabinoids in patients with HIV-1 infection: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Volume 139 of Issue 4. 2003. PMID: 12965981

  356. Gelal A, Guven H, Balkan D, Artok L, Benowitz NL. Influence of menthol on caffeine disposition and pharmacodynamics in healthy female volunteers. 2003. PMID: 12915954

  357. Patterson F, Benowitz N, Shields P, Kaufmann V, Jepson C, Wileyto P, Kucharski S, Lerman C. Individual differences in nicotine intake per cigarette. 2003. PMID: 12750245

  358. Jaakkola MS, Ma J, Yang G, Chin MF, Benowitz NL, Ceraso M, Samet JM. Determinants of salivary cotinine concentrations in Chinese male smokers. 2003. PMID: 12634019

  359. Henningfield JE, Benowitz NL, Ahijevych K, Garrett BE, Connolly GN, Wayne GF. Does menthol enhance the addictiveness of cigarettes? An agenda for research. 2003. PMID: 12745502

  360. Dietrich M, Block G, Benowitz NL, Morrow JD, Hudes M, Jacob P, Norkus EP, Packer L. Vitamin C supplementation decreases oxidative stress biomarker f2-isoprostanes in plasma of nonsmokers exposed to environmental tobacco smoke. 2003. PMID: 12881011

  361. Jacob P, Hatsukami D, Severson H, Hall S, Yu L, Benowitz NL. Anabasine and anatabine as biomarkers for tobacco use during nicotine replacement therapy. 2002. PMID: 12496059

  362. Mahrer-Imhof R, Froelicher ES, Li WW, Parker KM, Benowitz N. Women's Initiative for Nonsmoking (WINS V): under-use of nicotine replacement therapy. 2002. PMID: 12487015

  363. Benowitz NL, Hansson A, Jacob P. Cardiovascular effects of nasal and transdermal nicotine and cigarette smoking. 2002. PMID: 12052850

  364. Wakschlag LS, Pickett KE, Cook E, Benowitz NL, Leventhal BL. Maternal smoking during pregnancy and severe antisocial behavior in offspring: a review. 2002. PMID: 12036791

  365. Dempsey D, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Accelerated metabolism of nicotine and cotinine in pregnant smokers. 2002. PMID: 11961061

  366. Hsue PY, Salinas CL, Bolger AF, Benowitz NL, Waters DD. Acute aortic dissection related to crack cocaine. 2002. PMID: 11927528

  367. Kosel BW, Aweeka FT, Benowitz NL, Shade SB, Hilton JF, Lizak PS, Abrams DI. The effects of cannabinoids on the pharmacokinetics of indinavir and nelfinavir. Volume 16 of Issue 4. 2002. PMID: 11872997

  368. Schaedeli F, Pitsiu M, Benowitz NL, Gourlay SG, Verotta D. Influence of arterial vs. venous sampling site on nicotine tolerance model selection and parameter estimation. 2002. PMID: 12194535

  369. Benowitz NL, Pérez-Stable EJ, Herrera B, Jacob P. Slower metabolism and reduced intake of nicotine from cigarette smoking in Chinese-Americans. 2002. PMID: 11792749

  370. Hatsukami DK, Slade J, Benowitz NL, Giovino GA, Gritz ER, Leischow S, Warner KE. Reducing tobacco harm: research challenges and issues. 2002. PMID: 12573171

  371. Benowitz NL, Griffin C, Tyndale R. Deficient C-oxidation of nicotine continued. 2001. PMID: 11753274

  372. Zevin S, Saunders S, Gourlay SG, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Cardiovascular effects of carbon monoxide and cigarette smoking. 2001. PMID: 11704374

  373. Sekhon HS, Keller JA, Benowitz NL, Spindel ER. Prenatal nicotine exposure alters pulmonary function in newborn rhesus monkeys. 2001. PMID: 11587984

  374. Benowitz NL. Safety of nicotine in smokers with hypertension. 2001. PMID: 11465662

  375. Miao FJ, Benowitz NL, Levine JD. Endogenous opioids suppress activation of nociceptors by sub-nanomolar nicotine. 2001. PMID: 11325790

  376. D'Alessandro A, Benowitz NL, Muzi G, Eisner MD, Filiberto S, Fantozzi P, Montanari L, Abbritti G. Systemic nicotine exposure in tobacco harvesters. 2001. PMID: 11480503

  377. Dempsey DA, Benowitz NL. Risks and benefits of nicotine to aid smoking cessation in pregnancy. 2001. PMID: 11330657

  378. Zevin S, Jacob P, Geppetti P, Benowitz NL. Clinical pharmacology of oral cotinine. 2000. PMID: 10821985

  379. Fattinger K, Benowitz NL, Jones RT, Verotta D. Nasal mucosal versus gastrointestinal absorption of nasally administered cocaine. 2000. PMID: 10954344

  380. Jarvik ME, Madsen DC, Olmstead RE, Iwamoto-Schaap PN, Elins JL, Benowitz NL. Nicotine blood levels and subjective craving for cigarettes. 2000. PMID: 10899369

  381. Zevin S, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Nicotine-mecamylamine interactions. 2000. PMID: 10945316

  382. Dempsey D, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Nicotine metabolism and elimination kinetics in newborns. 2000. PMID: 10824624

  383. Drey EA, Thomas LJ, Benowitz NL, Goldschlager N, Darney PD. Safety of intra-amniotic digoxin administration before late second-trimester abortion by dilation and evacuation. 2000. PMID: 10819828

  384. Chalon S, Moreno H, Benowitz NL, Hoffman BB, Blaschke TF. Nicotine impairs endothelium-dependent dilatation in human veins in vivo. 2000. PMID: 10801248

  385. Balfour D, Benowitz N, Fagerström K, Kunze M, Keil U. Diagnosis and treatment of nicotine dependence with emphasis on nicotine replacement therapy. A status report. 2000. PMID: 10681484

  386. Gourlay SG, Stead LF, Benowitz NL. Clonidine for smoking cessation. 2000. PMID: 10796479

  387. Arciero PJ, Bougopoulos CL, Nindl BC, Benowitz NL. Influence of age on the thermic response to caffeine in women. 2000. PMID: 10647072

  388. Benowitz NL, Dempsey DA, Goldenberg RL, Hughes JR, Dolan-Mullen P, Ogburn PL, Oncken C, Orleans CT, Slotkin TA, Whiteside HP, Yaffe S. The use of pharmacotherapies for smoking cessation during pregnancy. 2000. PMID: 10982920

  389. Benowitz NL, Perez-Stable EJ, Fong I, Modin G, Herrera B, Jacob P. Ethnic differences in N-glucuronidation of nicotine and cotinine. 1999. PMID: 10565842

  390. Sharp DS, Everhart JE, Benowitz NL. Coffee, alcohol, and the liver. 1999. PMID: 10501405

  391. Benowitz NL. Nicotine addiction. 1999. PMID: 10436290

  392. Gelal A, Jacob P, Yu L, Benowitz NL. Disposition kinetics and effects of menthol. 1999. PMID: 10460066

  393. Zevin S, Benowitz NL. Drug interactions with tobacco smoking. An update. 1999. PMID: 10427467

  394. Benowitz NL. Biomarkers of environmental tobacco smoke exposure. 1999. PMID: 10350520

  395. Fenster L, Quale C, Waller K, Windham GC, Elkin EP, Benowitz N, Swan SH. Caffeine consumption and menstrual function. 1999. PMID: 10084244

  396. Elkin EP, Windham GC, Benowitz NL, Swan SH. Occasional smoking in a study of premenopausal women. 1999. PMID: 10076502

  397. Benowitz NL, Hatsukami D. Gender differences in the pharmacology of nicotine addiction. 1998. PMID: 26735114

  398. Zevin S, Gourlay SG, Benowitz NL. Clinical pharmacology of nicotine. 1998. PMID: 9787965

  399. Bernstein GA, Carroll ME, Dean NW, Crosby RD, Perwien AR, Benowitz NL. Caffeine withdrawal in normal school-age children. 1998. PMID: 9695448

  400. Pérez-Stable EJ, Herrera B, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Nicotine metabolism and intake in black and white smokers. 1998. PMID: 9669788

  401. Zevin S, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Dose-related cardiovascular and endocrine effects of transdermal nicotine. 1998. PMID: 9695723

  402. Winders SE, Grunberg NE, Benowitz NL, Alvares AP. Effects of stress on circulating nicotine and cotinine levels and in vitro nicotine metabolism in the rat. 1998. PMID: 9676899

  403. Fenster L, Quale C, Hiatt RA, Wilson M, Windham GC, Benowitz NL. Rate of caffeine metabolism and risk of spontaneous abortion. 1998. PMID: 9525538

  404. Herzig KE, Callaway E, Halliday R, Naylor H, Benowitz NL. Effects of cotinine on information processing in nonsmokers. 1998. PMID: 9497017

  405. Henningfield JE, Benowitz NL, Slade J, Houston TP, Davis RM, Deitchman SD. Reducing the addictiveness of cigarettes. Council on Scientific Affairs, American Medical Association. 1998. PMID: 9825424

  406. Benowitz NL. Birthing of clinical pharmacologists. 1997. PMID: 9433386

  407. Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Slade J, Yu L. Nicotine content of the eclipse nicotine delivery device. 1997. PMID: 9366646

  408. Benowitz NL. Treating tobacco addiction--nicotine or no nicotine? 1997. PMID: 9337385

  409. Fenster L, Hubbard AE, Swan SH, Windham GC, Waller K, Hiatt RA, Benowitz N. Caffeinated beverages, decaffeinated coffee, and spontaneous abortion. 1997. PMID: 9270953

  410. Zieman M, Fong SK, Benowitz NL, Banskter D, Darney PD. Absorption kinetics of misoprostol with oral or vaginal administration. 1997. PMID: 9207820

  411. Mahmarian JJ, Moyé LA, Nasser GA, Nagueh SF, Bloom MF, Benowitz NL, Verani MS, Byrd WG, Pratt CM. Nicotine patch therapy in smoking cessation reduces the extent of exercise-induced myocardial ischemia. 1997. PMID: 9207632

  412. Zevin S, Jacob P, Benowitz N. Cotinine effects on nicotine metabolism. 1997. PMID: 9209247

  413. Fattinger K, Verotta D, Benowitz NL. Pharmacodynamics of acute tolerance to multiple nicotinic effects in humans. 1997. PMID: 9190859

  414. Heishman SJ, Balfour DJ, Benowitz NL, Hatsukami DK, Lindstrom JM, Ockene JK. Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. 1997. PMID: 9219386

  415. Schneider NG, Jacob P, Nilsson F, Leischow SJ, Benowitz NL, Olmstead RE. Saliva cotinine levels as a function of collection method. 1997. PMID: 9219396

  416. Burns D, Benowitz N, N'Connolly GN, Cummings KM, Davis RM, Henningfield JE, Shopland DR, Warner KE. What should be the elements of any settlement with the tobacco industry? 1997. PMID: 9176975

  417. Gries JM, Benowitz N, Verotta D. Chronopharmacokinetics of nicotine. 1996. PMID: 8873686

  418. Benowitz NL, Zevin S, Carlsen S, Wright J, Schambelan M, Cheitlin M. Orthostatic hypertension due to vascular adrenergic hypersensitivity. 1996. PMID: 8675262

  419. Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Perez-Stable E. CYP2D6 phenotype and the metabolism of nicotine and cotinine. 1996. PMID: 8807663

  420. Denaro CP, Wilson M, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. The effect of liver disease on urine caffeine metabolite ratios. 1996. PMID: 8681487

  421. Sachs DP, Benowitz NL. Individualizing medical treatment for tobacco dependence. 1996. PMID: 8726921

  422. Hussain TF, Heidenreich PA, Benowitz N. Recurrent non-Q-wave myocardial infarction associated with toluene abuse. 1996. PMID: 8604650

  423. Mumford GK, Benowitz NL, Evans SM, Kaminski BJ, Preston KL, Sannerud CA, Silverman K, Griffiths RR. Absorption rate of methylxanthines following capsules, cola and chocolate. 1996. PMID: 9010706

  424. Walter FG, Bey TA, Ruschke DS, Benowitz NL. Marijuana and hyperthermia. 1996. PMID: 8618257

  425. Shusterman D, Alexeeff G, Hargis C, Kaplan J, Sato R, Gelb A, Becker C, Benowitz N, Gillen M, Thollaug S, Balmes J. Predictors of carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide exposure in smoke inhalation patients. 1996. PMID: 8632515

  426. Perkins KA, Benowitz N, Henningfield J, Newhouse P, Pomerleau O, Swan G. Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. 1996. PMID: 8822021

  427. Kimmel SE, Benowitz N. Smoking cessation and the nicotine patch: much more to be done. 1995. PMID: 8770725

  428. Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Mayan H, Denaro C. Sympathomimetic effects of paraxanthine and caffeine in humans. 1995. PMID: 8529334

  429. Sharp DS, Benowitz NL, Bath PM, Martin JF, Beswick AD, Elwood PC. Cigarette smoking sensitizes and desensitizes impedance-measured ADP-induced platelet aggregation in whole blood. 1995. PMID: 8585014

  430. Gourlay SG, Benowitz NL. Is clonidine an effective smoking cessation therapy? 1995. PMID: 8521754

  431. Arciero PJ, Gardner AW, Calles-Escandon J, Benowitz NL, Poehlman ET. Effects of caffeine ingestion on NE kinetics, fat oxidation, and energy expenditure in younger and older men. 1995. PMID: 7611396

  432. Benowitz NL. Nicotine patches. 1995. PMID: 7646675

  433. Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Sachs DP. Deficient C-oxidation of nicotine. 1995. PMID: 7768082

  434. Henningfield JE, Benowitz NL. Cigarettes and addiction. 1995. PMID: 7742663

  435. Pérez-Stable EJ, Benowitz NL, Marín G. Is serum cotinine a better measure of cigarette smoking than self-report? 1995. PMID: 7597020

  436. Neese RA, Benowitz NL, Hoh R, Faix D, LaBua A, Pun K, Hellerstein MK. Metabolic interactions between surplus dietary energy intake and cigarette smoking or its cessation. 1994. PMID: 7810617

  437. Chou TM, Benowitz NL. Caffeine and coffee: effects on health and cardiovascular disease. 1994. PMID: 7881818

  438. Miao FJ, Jänig W, Dallman MF, Benowitz NL, Heller PH, Basbaum AI, Levine JD. Role of vagal afferents and spinal pathways modulating inhibition of bradykinin-induced plasma extravasation by intrathecal nicotine. 1994. PMID: 7807204

  439. Henningfield JE, Kozlowski LT, Benowitz NL. A proposal to develop meaningful labeling for cigarettes. 1994. PMID: 8028146

  440. Le Houezec J, Halliday R, Benowitz NL, Callaway E, Naylor H, Herzig K. A low dose of subcutaneous nicotine improves information processing in non-smokers. 1994. PMID: 7855225

  441. Olson KR, Kearney TE, Dyer JE, Benowitz NL, Blanc PD. Seizures associated with poisoning and drug overdose. Volume 12 of Issue 3. 1994. PMID: 8179767

  442. Bernstein GA, Carroll ME, Crosby RD, Perwien AR, Go FS, Benowitz NL. Caffeine effects on learning, performance, and anxiety in normal school-age children. 1994. PMID: 8169187

  443. Hellerstein MK, Benowitz NL, Neese RA, Schwartz JM, Hoh R, Jacob P, Hsieh J, Faix D. Effects of cigarette smoking and its cessation on lipid metabolism and energy expenditure in heavy smokers. 1994. PMID: 8282797

  444. Olson KR, Kearney TE, Dyer JE, Benowitz NL, Blanc PD. Seizures associated with poisoning and drug overdose. 1993. PMID: 8192750

  445. Rose JE, Levin ED, Benowitz N. Saliva nicotine as an index of plasma levels in nicotine skin patch users. 1993. PMID: 8249050

  446. Gupta SK, Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Rolf CN, Gorsline J. Bioavailability and absorption kinetics of nicotine following application of a transdermal system. 1993. PMID: 9114908

  447. Henningfield JE, Stapleton JM, Benowitz NL, Grayson RF, London ED. Higher levels of nicotine in arterial than in venous blood after cigarette smoking. 1993. PMID: 8370337

  448. Lee BL, Wong D, Benowitz NL, Sullam PM. Altered patterns of drug metabolism in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. 1993. PMID: 8491064

  449. Miao FJ, Dallman MF, Benowitz NL, Basbaum AI, Levine JD. Adrenal medullary modulation of the inhibition of bradykinin-induced plasma extravasation by intrathecal nicotine. 1993. PMID: 8094755

  450. Le Houezec J, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. A clinical pharmacological study of subcutaneous nicotine. 1993. PMID: 8491235

  451. Benowitz NL. Clinical pharmacology and toxicology of cocaine. 1993. PMID: 8441738

  452. Forsyth JC, Mueller PD, Becker CE, Osterloh J, Benowitz NL, Rumack BH, Hall AH. Hydroxocobalamin as a cyanide antidote: safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics in heavily smoking normal volunteers. 1993. PMID: 8492341

  453. Shi J, Benowitz NL, Denaro CP, Sheiner LB. Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modeling of caffeine: tolerance to pressor effects. 1993. PMID: 8422743

  454. Geller RJ, Benowitz NL. Orthostatic hypotension in ciguatera fish poisoning. 1992. PMID: 1417387

  455. Benowitz NL. The genetics of drug dependence: tobacco addiction. 1992. PMID: 1508249

  456. Cashman JR, Park SB, Yang ZC, Wrighton SA, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Metabolism of nicotine by human liver microsomes: stereoselective formation of trans-nicotine N'-oxide. 1992. PMID: 1446003

  457. Benowitz NL. Cardiotoxicity in the workplace. 1992. PMID: 1496430

  458. Benowitz NL. Cigarette smoking and nicotine addiction. 1992. PMID: 1548969

  459. Siegel D, Benowitz N, Ernster VL, Grady DG, Hauck WW. Smokeless tobacco, cardiovascular risk factors, and nicotine and cotinine levels in professional baseball players. 1992. PMID: 1536359

  460. Benowitz NL. How toxic is cocaine? 1992. PMID: 1638909

  461. Pérez-Stable EJ, Marín G, Marín BV, Benowitz NL. Misclassification of smoking status by self-reported cigarette consumption. 1992. PMID: 1731599

  462. Henningfield JE, Obarzanek E, Benowitz NL, Hall SM, Klesges RC, Leischow S, Levin ED, Perkins KA, Spring B, Stitzer M. National working conference on smoking and body weight. Task Force 2: Methods of assessment, strategies for research. 1992. PMID: 1396498

  463. Shiffman S, Zettler-Segal M, Kassel J, Paty J, Benowitz NL, O'Brien G. Nicotine elimination and tolerance in non-dependent cigarette smokers. 1992. PMID: 1365861

  464. Benowitz NL. Nicotine replacement therapy during pregnancy. 1991. PMID: 1956108

  465. Le Houezec J, Benowitz NL. Basic and clinical psychopharmacology of nicotine. 1991. PMID: 1747987

  466. Benowitz NL. Nicotine and coronary heart disease. 1991. PMID: 21239286

  467. Benowitz NL, Jacob P. Nicotine metabolism in humans. 1991. PMID: 1914383

  468. Benowitz NL, Chan K, Denaro CP, Jacob P. Stable isotope method for studying transdermal drug absorption: the nicotine patch. 1991. PMID: 1914363

  469. Duan MJ, Yu L, Savanapridi C, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Disposition kinetics and metabolism of nicotine-1'-N-oxide in rabbits. 1991. PMID: 1680635

  470. Jones CJ, Schiffman MH, Kurman R, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Elevated nicotine levels in cervical lavages from passive smokers. 1991. PMID: 1994747

  471. Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Denaro C, Jenkins R. Stable isotope studies of nicotine kinetics and bioavailability. 1991. PMID: 2007322

  472. Denaro CP, Brown CR, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Effects of caffeine with repeated dosing. 1991. PMID: 2060564

  473. Benowitz NL, Jacob P. Nicotine metabolism in nonsmokers. 1990. PMID: 2225708

  474. Pérez-Stable EJ, Marín BV, Marín G, Brody DJ, Benowitz NL. Apparent underreporting of cigarette consumption among Mexican American smokers. 1990. PMID: 2382741

  475. Denaro CP, Brown CR, Wilson M, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Dose-dependency of caffeine metabolism with repeated dosing. 1990. PMID: 2401126

  476. Mueller PD, Benowitz NL, Olson KR. Cocaine. 1990. PMID: 2201516

  477. Ernster VL, Grady DG, Greene JC, Walsh M, Robertson P, Daniels TE, Benowitz N, Siegel D, Gerbert B, Hauck WW. Smokeless tobacco use and health effects among baseball players. 1990. PMID: 2355443

  478. Benowitz NL. Diagnosis and management of pheochromocytoma. 1990. PMID: 2112143

  479. Kirch DG, Taylor TR, Gerhardt GA, Benowitz NL, Stephen C, Wyatt RJ. Effect of chronic caffeine administration on monoamine and monoamine metabolite concentrations in rat brain. 1990. PMID: 2385331

  480. Sharp DS, Benowitz NL, Osterloh JD, Becker CE, Smith AH, Syme SL. Influence of race, tobacco use, and caffeine use on the relation between blood pressure and blood lead concentration. 1990. PMID: 2321627

  481. Henningfield JE, London ED, Benowitz NL. Arterial-venous differences in plasma concentrations of nicotine after cigarette smoking. 1990. PMID: 2319665

  482. Shiffman S, Fischer LB, Zettler-Segal M, Benowitz NL. Nicotine exposure among nondependent smokers. 1990. PMID: 2322084

  483. Benowitz NL. Clinical pharmacology of caffeine. 1990. PMID: 2184730

  484. Jacob P, Jones RT, Benowitz NL, Shulgin AT, Lewis ER, Elias-Baker BA. Cocaine smokers excrete a pyrolysis product, anhydroecgonine methyl ester. 1990. PMID: 2381018

  485. Sharp DS, Benowitz NL. Pharmacoepidemiology of the effect of caffeine on blood pressure. 1990. PMID: 2295220

  486. Benowitz NL. Pheochromocytoma. 1990. PMID: 2405593

  487. Matsunga SK, Plezia PM, Karol MD, Katz MD, Camilli AE, Benowitz NL. Effects of passive smoking on theophylline clearance. 1989. PMID: 2791443

  488. Mueller PD, Benowitz NL. Toxicologic causes of acute abdominal disorders. 1989. PMID: 2663462

  489. Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Yu L. Daily use of smokeless tobacco: systemic effects. 1989. PMID: 2742246

  490. Lee BL, Jacob P, Jarvik ME, Benowitz NL. Food and nicotine metabolism. 1989. PMID: 2587604

  491. Denaro C, Benowitz N. Diabetic patients and hepatic drug metabolism. 1989. PMID: 2731408

  492. Benowitz NL, Hall SM, Modin G. Persistent increase in caffeine concentrations in people who stop smoking. 1989. PMID: 2497897

  493. Cherek DR, Bennett RH, Kelly TH, Steinberg JL, Benowitz NL. Effects of nicotine gum and tobacco smoking on human avoidance responding. 1989. PMID: 2740422

  494. Hall SM, McGee R, Tunstall C, Duffy J, Benowitz N. Changes in food intake and activity after quitting smoking. 1989. PMID: 2925977

  495. Benowitz NL, Lee BL, Jacob P. Nicotine gum and theophylline metabolism. 1989. PMID: 2730948

  496. Benowitz NL. Sodium intake from smokeless tobacco. 1988. PMID: 3412420

  497. Benowitz NL. Nicotine and smokeless tobacco. 1988. PMID: 3135084

  498. Wall MA, Johnson J, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Cotinine in the serum, saliva, and urine of nonsmokers, passive smokers, and active smokers. 1988. PMID: 3369604

  499. Brown CR, Jacob P, Wilson M, Benowitz NL. Changes in rate and pattern of caffeine metabolism after cigarette abstinence. 1988. PMID: 3365914

  500. Jacob P, Benowitz NL, Copeland JR, Risner ME, Cone EJ. Disposition kinetics of nicotine and cotinine enantiomers in rabbits and beagle dogs. 1988. PMID: 3411460

  501. Jacob P, Benowitz NL, Shulgin AT. Recent studies of nicotine metabolism in humans. 1988. PMID: 3174750

  502. Nemeth-Coslett R, Benowitz NL, Robinson N, Henningfield JE. Nicotine gum: chew rate, subjective effects and plasma nicotine. 1988. PMID: 3413200

  503. Myers MG, Benowitz NL, Dubbin JD, Haynes RB, Sole MJ. Cardiovascular effects of smoking in patients with ischemic heart disease. 1988. PMID: 3335145

  504. Porchet HC, Benowitz NL, Sheiner LB. Pharmacodynamic model of tolerance: application to nicotine. 1988. PMID: 3336000

  505. Shulgin AT, Jacob P, Benowitz NL, Lau D. Identification and quantitative analysis of cotinine-N-oxide in human urine. 1987. PMID: 3443673

  506. Simon RP, Copeland JR, Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Bronstein J. Brain phenobarbital uptake during prolonged status epilepticus. 1987. PMID: 3693434

  507. Porchet HC, Benowitz NL, Sheiner LB, Copeland JR. Apparent tolerance to the acute effect of nicotine results in part from distribution kinetics. 1987. PMID: 3680508

  508. Peters RW, Benowitz NL, Valenti S, Modin G, Fisher ML. Electrophysiologic effects of cigarette smoking in patients with and without chronic beta-blocker therapy. 1987. PMID: 2890291

  509. Hall SM, Tunstall CD, Ginsberg D, Benowitz NL, Jones RT. Nicotine gum and behavioral treatment: a placebo controlled trial. Volume 55 of Issue 4. 1987. PMID: 3624619

  510. Juenemann KP, Lue TF, Luo JA, Benowitz NL, Abozeid M, Tanagho EA. The effect of cigarette smoking on penile erection. 1987. PMID: 3599273

  511. Jacob P, Elias-Baker BA, Jones RT, Benowitz NL. Determination of benzoylecgonine and cocaine in biologic fluids by automated gas chromatography. 1987. PMID: 3654881

  512. Lee BL, Benowitz NL, Jacob P. Cigarette abstinence, nicotine gum, and theophylline disposition. 1987. PMID: 3826954

  513. Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Savanapridi C. Determinants of nicotine intake while chewing nicotine polacrilex gum. 1987. PMID: 3829583

  514. Gori GB, Benowitz NL, Lynch CJ. Mouth versus deep airways absorption of nicotine in cigarette smokers. 1986. PMID: 3809219

  515. Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Kozlowski LT, Yu L. Influence of smoking fewer cigarettes on exposure to tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide. 1986. PMID: 3773954

  516. Rosenberg J, Pentel P, Pond S, Benowitz N, Olson K. Hyperthermia associated with drug intoxication. 1986. PMID: 3769509

  517. Benowitz NL, Jones RT, Jacob P. Additive cardiovascular effects of nicotine and ethanol. 1986. PMID: 3757405

  518. Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Yu L, Talcott R, Hall S, Jones RT. Reduced tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide exposure while smoking ultralow- but not low-yield cigarettes. 1986. PMID: 3723711

  519. Pentel PR, Benowitz NL. Tricyclic antidepressant poisoning. Management of arrhythmias. 1986. PMID: 3784839

  520. Benowitz NL, Simon RP, Copeland JR. Status epilepticus: divergence of sympathetic activity and cardiovascular response. 1986. PMID: 3963763

  521. Benowitz NL. Clinical pharmacology of nicotine. 1986. PMID: 3518606

  522. Pomerleau OF, Bell CS, Benowitz NL, Best JA, Glassman A, Russell M, Russell P, Schneider NG. Nicotine and smoking relapse. 1986. PMID: 3582324

  523. Simon RP, Benowitz N, Hedlund R, Copeland J. Influence of the blood-brain pH gradient on brain phenobarbital uptake during status epilepticus. 1985. PMID: 4032292

  524. Olson KR, Benowitz NL, Woo OF, Pond SM. Theophylline overdose: acute single ingestion versus chronic repeated overmedication. 1985. PMID: 4041188

  525. Woo OF, Benowitz NL, Bialy FW, Wengert JW. Atrioventricular conduction block caused by phenylpropanolamine. 1985. PMID: 3989943

  526. Pentel PR, Asinger RW, Benowitz NL. Propranolol antagonism of phenylpropanolamine-induced hypertension. 1985. PMID: 3987172

  527. Pond SM, Kreek MJ, Tong TG, Raghunath J, Benowitz NL. Altered methadone pharmacokinetics in methadone-maintained pregnant women. 1985. PMID: 3981450

  528. Hall SM, Tunstall C, Rugg D, Jones RT, Benowitz N. Nicotine gum and behavioral treatment in smoking cessation. 1985. PMID: 3998252

  529. Rowbotham MC, Jones RT, Benowitz NL, Jacob P. Trazodone-oral cocaine interactions. 1984. PMID: 6380447

  530. Jacob P, Savanapridi C, Yu L, Wilson M, Shulgin AT, Benowitz NL, Elias-Baker BA, Hall SM, Herning RI, Jones RT. Ion-pair extraction of thiocyanate from plasma and its gas chromatographic determination using on-column alkylation. 1984. PMID: 6486450

  531. Inouye IK, Massie BM, Benowitz N, Simpson P, Loge D. Antihypertensive therapy with diltiazem and comparison with hydrochlorothiazide. 1984. PMID: 6375339

  532. Hall SM, Herning RI, Jones RT, Benowitz NL, Jacob P. Blood cotinine levels as indicators of smoking treatment outcome. 1984. PMID: 6734033

  533. Benowitz NL, Jacob P. Daily intake of nicotine during cigarette smoking. 1984. PMID: 6705448

  534. Jacob P, Elias-Baker BA, Jones RT, Benowitz NL. Determination of cocaine in plasma by automated gas chromatography. 1984. PMID: 6715457

  535. Simon RP, Benowitz NL, Culala S. Motor paralysis increases brain uptake of lidocaine during status epilepticus. 1984. PMID: 6538283

  536. Simon RP, Aminoff MJ, Benowitz NL. Changes in plasma catecholamines after tonic-clonic seizures. 1984. PMID: 6538024

  537. Inouye I, Massie B, Benowitz N, Simpson P, Loge D, Topic N. Monotherapy in mild to moderate hypertension: comparison of hydrochlorothiazide, propranolol and prazosin. 1984. PMID: 6320622

  538. Woo OF, Pond SM, Benowitz NL, Olson KR. Benefit of hemoperfusion in acute theophylline intoxication. 1984. PMID: 6530699

  539. Meister W, Benowitz NL, Benet LZ. Unchanged absorption of digoxin tablets in patients with cardiac failure. 1984. PMID: 6709691

  540. Levine J, Gordon NC, Poole T, Benowitz N. Relationship of duration of analgesia to opioid pharmacokinetic variables. 1983. PMID: 6318904

  541. Hargreaves WA, Tyler J, Weinberg JA, Sorensen JL, Benowitz N. (--)-alpha-Acetylmethadol effects on alcohol and diazepam use, sexual function and cardiac function. 1983. PMID: 6671416

  542. Benowitz NL, Kuyt F, Jacob P, Jones RT, Osman AL. Cotinine disposition and effects. 1983. PMID: 6627820

  543. Olson K, Benowitz NL, Pentel P. Management of cocaine poisoning. 1983. PMID: 6625275

  544. Kirby BD, Ham J, Fairley HB, Benowitz N, Schambelan M. Normotensive pheochromocytoma. Pharmacologic, paraneoplastic and anesthetic considerations. 1983. PMID: 6636736

  545. Benowitz NL, Hall SM, Herning RI, Jacob P, Jones RT, Osman AL. Smokers of low-yield cigarettes do not consume less nicotine. 1983. PMID: 6866013

  546. Olson KR, Pond SM, Benowitz NL, Becker CE. Treatment of theophylline overdose. 1983. PMID: 6854843

  547. Foliart D, Benowitz NL, Becker CE. Passive absorption of nicotine in airline flight attendants. 1983. PMID: 6835330

  548. Pentel P, Olson KR, Becker CE, Benowitz N. Late complications of tricyclic antidepressant overdose. 1983. PMID: 6858131

  549. Herning RI, Jones RT, Benowitz NL, Mines AH. How a cigarette is smoked determines blood nicotine levels. 1983. PMID: 6848303

  550. Benowitz NL, Kuyt F, Jacob P. Circadian blood nicotine concentrations during cigarette smoking. 1982. PMID: 7140139

  551. Benowitz NL, Osterloh J, Goldschlager N, Kaysen G, Pond S, Forhan S. Massive catecholamine release from caffeine poisoning. 1982. PMID: 7109204

  552. Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Jones RT, Rosenberg J. Interindividual variability in the metabolism and cardiovascular effects of nicotine in man. 1982. PMID: 7077531

  553. Simon RP, Benowitz NL, Bronstein J, Jacob P. Increased brain uptake of lidocaine during bicuculline-induced status epilepticus in rats. 1982. PMID: 7198745

  554. Pond SM, Tong TG, Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Rigod J. Lack of effect of diazepam on methadone metabolism in methadone-maintained addicts. 1982. PMID: 7056020

  555. Cogan JJ, Humphreys MH, Carlson CJ, Benowitz NL, Rapaport E. Acute vasodilator therapy increases renal clearance of digoxin in patients with congestive heart failure. 1981. PMID: 7285311

  556. Jones RT, Benowitz NL, Herning RI. Clinical relevance of cannabis tolerance and dependence. 1981. PMID: 6271820

  557. Gritz ER, Baer-Weiss V, Benowitz NL, Van Vunakis H, Jarvik ME. Plasma nicotine and cotinine concentrations in habitual smokeless tobacco users. 1981. PMID: 7195786

  558. Pond SM, Tong T, Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Rigod J. Presystemic metabolism of meperidine to normeperidine in normal and cirrhotic subjects. 1981. PMID: 7249503

  559. Rosenberg J, Benowitz NL, Pond S. Pharmacokinetics of drug overdose. 1981. PMID: 7016383

  560. Tong TG, Pond SM, Kreek MJ, Jaffery NF, Benowitz NL. Phenytoin-induced methadone withdrawal. 1981. PMID: 7224382

  561. Rosenberg J, Benowitz NL, Jacob P, Wilson KM. Disposition kinetics and effects of intravenous nicotine. 1980. PMID: 7408411

  562. Tong TG, Benowitz NL, Kreek MJ. Methadone-disulfiram interaction during methadone maintenance. 1980. PMID: 7430415

  563. Benowitz NL, Nguyen TL, Jones RT, Herning RI, Bachman J. Metabolic and psychophysiologic studies of cannabidiol-hexobarbital interaction. 1980. PMID: 7389248

  564. Benowitz NL, Byrd R, Schambelan M, Rosenberg J, Roizen MF. Dihydroergotamine treatment for orthostatic hypotension from Vacor rodenticide. 1980. PMID: 7356234

  565. Benowitz NL, Rosenberg J, Pond S. Resin hemoperfusion for ethchlorvynol. 1980. PMID: 7356245

  566. Benowitz N, Abolin C, Tozer T, Rosenberg J, Rogers W, Pond S, Schoenfeld P, Humphreys M. Resin hemoperfusion in ethychlorvynol overdose. 1980. PMID: 7353346

  567. Pond S, Rosenberg J, Benowitz NL, Takki S. Pharmacokinetics of haemoperfusion for drug overdose. 1979. PMID: 389527

  568. Peeke SC, Prael AR, Herning RI, Rogers W, Benowitz NL, Jones RT. Effect of disulfiram on cognition, subjective response, and cortical-event-related potentials in nonalcoholic subjects. 1979. PMID: 384831

  569. Pond SM, Phillips M, Benowitz NL, Galinsky RE, Tong TG, Becker CE. Diazepam kinetics in acute alcohol withdrawal. 1979. PMID: 445950

  570. Benowitz NL, Rosenberg J, Rogers W, Bachman J, Jones RT. Cardiovascular effects of intravenous delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol: autonomic nervous mechanisms. 1979. PMID: 428189

  571. Rogers WK, Benowitz NL, Wilson KM, Abbott JA. Effect of disulfiram on adrenergic function. 1979. PMID: 106999

  572. Bachman JA, Benowitz NL, Herning RI, Jones RT. Dissociation of autonomic and cognitive effects of THC in man. 1979. PMID: 108734

  573. Ayus JC, Eneas JF, Tong TG, Benowitz NL, Schoenfeld PY, Hadley KL, Becker CE, Humphreys MH. Peritoneal clearance and total body elimination of vancomycin during chronic intermittent peritoneal dialysis. 1979. PMID: 436339

  574. Benowitz NL, Rosenberg J, Becker CE. Cardiopulmonary catastrophes in drug-overdosed patients. 1979. PMID: 431195

  575. Becker CE, Benowitz NL. Hypertensive emergencies. 1979. PMID: 431188

  576. Benowitz NL, Meister W. Clinical pharmacokinetics of lignocaine. 1978. PMID: 350470

  577. Benowitz NL, Meister W. Pharmacokinetics in patients with cardiac failure. 1976. PMID: 799548

  578. Lau RJ, Tubergen DG, Barr M, Domino EF, Benowitz N, Jones RT. Phytohemagglutinin-induced lymphocyte transformation in humans receiving delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol. 1976. PMID: 1265484

  579. Teramo K, Benowitz N, Heymann MA, Rudolph AM. Gestational differences in lidocaine toxicity in the fetal lamb. 1976. PMID: 1252020

  580. Jones RT, Benowitz N, Bachman J. Clinical studies of cannabis tolerance and dependence. 1976. PMID: 798533

  581. Tong TG, Benowitz NL, Becker CE, Forni PJ, Boerner U. Phencyclidine poisoning. 1975. PMID: 1242170

  582. Galinsky RE, Forni PJ, McGuire GG, Tong TG, Benowitz N, Becker CE. Letter: "Post hoc" and hypoprothrombinemia. 1975. PMID: 1147473

  583. Benowitz N, Forsyth FP, Melmon KL, Rowland M. Lidocaine disposition kinetics in monkey and man. I. Prediction by a perfusion model. 1974. PMID: 4210516

  584. Teramo K, Benowitz N, Heymann MA, Kahanpää K, Siimes A, Rudolph AM. Effects of lidocaine on heart rate, blood pressure, and electrocorticogram in fetal sheep. 1974. PMID: 4818426

  585. Scheinman MM, Weiss AN, Shafton E, Benowitz N, Rowland M. Electrophysiologic effects of procaine amide in patients with intraventricular conduction delay. 1974. PMID: 4591547

  586. Benowitz N, Rowland M. Determination of lidocaine in blood and tissues. 1973. PMID: 4202543